Population - Whole Unit Quiz

Amy Arthur
Quiz by , created about 6 years ago

GCSE Geography (GCSE) Quiz on Population - Whole Unit Quiz, created by Amy Arthur on 04/28/2013.

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Amy Arthur
Created by Amy Arthur about 6 years ago
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Question 1

Question
Why is population growing rapidly?
Answer
  • Reduction in death rate in LICs and MICs. The birth rate in many of these countries is still high.
  • Reduction in birth rate in LICs and MICs. The death rate in many of these countries is still high.

Question 2

Question
By comparison HICs have a ____ birth and death rate giving a slowly increasing or even decreasing population.
Answer
  • High
  • Low

Question 3

Question
What is population density?
Answer
  • The number of people who live in a defined area.
  • Where the people are.

Question 4

Question
What is population distribution?
Answer
  • The number of people who live in a defined area.
  • Where the people are.

Question 5

Question
Is world population distribution even or uneven?
Answer
  • Even
  • Uneven

Question 6

Question
Places which are sparsely populated contain what number of people?
Answer
  • Few
  • Many

Question 7

Question
Places which are densely populated have what number of people?
Answer
  • Few
  • Many

Question 8

Question
A birth rate higher than death rate leads to a natural increase or decrease in populations?
Answer
  • Increase
  • Decrease

Question 9

Question
A death rate higher than birth rate leads to a natural increase or decrease in population?
Answer
  • Increase
  • Decrease

Question 10

Question
What does the population do when birth and death rates are the same?
Answer
  • Random order: sometimes more people are dying and other times more people are being born.
  • Population remains the same.

Question 11

Question
Identify two reasons for places being sparsely populated.
Answer
  • High land that is mountainous and inhospitable, eg. the Himalayas.
  • Good job opportunities.
  • Countries with unstable governments.
  • Areas rich in resources (eg. coal or oil).

Question 12

Question
Identify two reasons for places being sparsely populated.
Answer
  • High land that is mountainous and inhospitable, eg. the Himalayas.
  • Good job opportunities.
  • Countries with unstable governments.
  • Areas rich in resources (eg. coal or oil).

Question 13

Question
Identify two reasons for places being densely populated.
Answer
  • Low land, which is flat, eg. Ganges Valley in India.
  • Areas with a temperature that isn't too extreme (not too hot and not too cold).
  • Areas with exreme climates.
  • Areas with few resources.

Question 14

Question
What causes birth and death rates to change?
Answer
  • Medical
  • Social
  • Political
  • Economic
  • Environmental
  • Commercial

Question 15

Question
Describe what happens in Stage 1 of the Demographic Transition Model.
Answer
  • Population fluctuates, but stays stable. High birth and death rate. Small population change. UK --> Before 1750
  • Population is very rapid. High birth rate, death rate falls. Rapid population growth. UK --> 1950

Question 16

Question
Describe what happens in Stage 2 of the Demographic Transition Model.
Answer
  • Very slow population increase. Birth rate is low and fluctuates, death rate is low. Stable population change. UK --> Post 1950
  • Very rapid population increase. High birth rate, death rate falls. Rapid growth in population. UK --> 1750-1880

Question 17

Question
Decribe what happens in Stage 3 of the Demographic Transition Model.
Answer
  • Population increases but less rapidly. Birth rate falls, death rate is low. Population change has a slower growth. UK --> 1880-1950
  • Population slowly decreases. Birth rate is low, death rate is low but higher than birth rate. Population change has a slow decrease. UK --> Still in stage 4, possibly Stage 5 in the future if brith rate rises.

Question 18

Question
Decribe what happens in Stage 4 of the Demographic Transition Model.
Answer
  • Very slow population increase. Birth rate is low and fluctuates, death rate is low. Stable population change. UK --> Post 1950
  • Population increases but less rapidly. Birth rate falls, death rate is low. Slower population change. UK --> 1880-1950

Question 19

Question
Describe what happens in Stage 5 of the Demographic Transition Model.
Answer
  • Very slow population increase. Birth rate is low and fluctuates, death rate is low. Stable population change. UK --> Post 1950
  • Population slowly decreases. Birth rate is low, death rate is low but higher than birth rate. Population change has a slow decrease. UK -->Still in stage 4, possibly Stage 5 in the future if birth rate rises.

Question 20

Question
When did China have a quarter of the world's population?
Answer
  • 1970
  • 1973
  • 1975
  • 1979
  • 1983

Question 21

Question
What were the incentives of sticking to the 'One-Child Policy'?
Answer
  • Longer paid maternity leave
  • Free medical care
  • Discount on medical care
  • Better child care
  • Free housing arrangements
  • Preferential housing arrangements
  • Free education
  • Cash bonuses
  • Don't have to work at all

Question 22

Question
What were the disincentives of the policy?
Answer
  • Couples are required to pledge that they would not have more children.
  • People were monitored by the 'granny police'.
  • If they had another child they lost all their privileges.
  • If they had another child they would be arrested.
  • They received heavy fines if they did not obey the policy.
  • Sacked from their jobs as a punishment.
  • Each area was only allowed a certain number (quota) or births.
  • Women with unauthorised pregnancies were pressured to have abortions and those who already had children were urged to use contraception or undergo sterilisation
  • Their original children are't allowed to go to school, so don't get a good education.
  • They aren't entitled to electricity and hot water.

Question 23

Question
In what year did Singapore's government introduce the 'three or more' policy?
Answer
  • 1985
  • 1987
  • 1990
  • 1993

Question 24

Question
What were the incentives that are offered to parents who stick to the policy?
Answer
  • A cash gift of $3000 each for the first and second child.
  • A cash gift of $6000 each for the third and fourth child.
  • 3 months maternity leave for the mothers.
  • Parents can live in large flats
  • Mothers do not have to return to work if they don't want to.
  • 3 days of paternity leave on the birth of the first four children for fathers.
  • 5 days of paid childcare leave a year.
  • Parents receive a discount on family cars.

Question 25

Question
What were the disincentives of the 'three or more policy'?
Answer
  • Couples with no children are not entitled to buy anything larger than a three-room flat.
  • Any transport that the parents already own is taken away.
  • No choice of schools so their education might suffer.
  • They do not receive financial packages offered by the government.

Question 26

Question
What is meant by the term 'youthful population'?
Answer
  • Where an area has mostly children compared to adults.
  • Where an area has a high proportion of young people below the age of 16 or 19.

Question 27

Question
What is meant by the term 'ageing population'?
Answer
  • A high proportion of elderly people over the age of 65.
  • Where there is mainly adults compared to children.

Question 28

Question
What are the advantages of an ageing population?
Answer
  • Fewer people will be unemployed as the percentage of elderly who are retired increases.
  • Some elderly work without pay in places such as charity shops therefore increasing the economic situation.
  • The area will be a very boring place as it is very quiet so no one will go there.
  • There will be a growth in the leisure industry with firms wanting to grab the 'grey pound'.

Question 29

Question
What are the disadvantages of having an ageing population?
Answer
  • The pension age will have to increase.At present the old age pension is paid at age 65. This will increase in steps to 68 in 2046.
  • Much greater demand on health care and care homes. People might have to sell their homes to afford these.
  • Area will be very dull and boring.
  • Taxes are likely to increase to pay for services and pensions.
  • Money spent on education might be cut to spend on the elderly instead.
  • People live longer, more houses are needed and therefore using up large amounts of land.