Health Class spring 2014 chapter 4 test

karlamcrae
Quiz by , created about 5 years ago

Quiz on Health Class spring 2014 chapter 4 test, created by karlamcrae on 03/16/2014.

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Created by karlamcrae about 5 years ago
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Question 1

Question
1. Which of the following will occur when you establish a program of regular aerobic exercise?
Answer
  • You will lengthen your life.
  • Your heart and lungs will become stronger.
  • Your body will become more attractive.
  • Your sense of well-being will improve.

Question 2

Question
2. The fitness dimension that is considered basic to whole-body fitness is
Answer
  • flexibility
  • Muscular strength
  • Muscular endurance.
  • Cardiorespiratory endurance

Question 3

Question
3. Which of the following, when performed regularly, can most effectively increase the efficiency of your cardiovascular system, improve your circulation, and strengthen your resistance to disease?
Answer
  • Napping
  • Meditation
  • Weight lifting
  • Jogging or brisk walking

Question 4

Question
4. Physical fitness as defined in your text is
Answer
  • The ability to engage in vigorous tasks and leisure activities
  • Full functionality of all parts of the body.
  • The ability to exercise without pain most days of the week.
  • A set of attributes that relates to the ability to perform physical activity.

Question 5

Question
5. Which of the following is TRUE regarding cardiorespiratory endurance? It is
Answer
  • Produced by short bursts of intense movement at regular intervals.
  • The ability of the heart and lungs to supply oxygen to the working muscles.
  • The ability to perform repeated muscle contractions without fatigue.
  • The body’s alternative means of energy production when there is insufficient oxygen.

Question 6

Question
6. When you exercise to the point that the oxygen demands of the muscles cannot be met, your body is using
Answer
  • The overload state.
  • Cardiorespiratory endurance.
  • Aerobic energy production.
  • Anaerobic energy production.

Question 7

Question
7. After oxygen deprivation occurs, to continue the activity, your body must use energy production.
Answer
  • static
  • Aerobic
  • Anaerobic
  • Pulmonary

Question 8

Question
8. Anaerobic literally means
Answer
  • Without strength.
  • Without oxygen.
  • Exhaustion.
  • Empty.

Question 9

Question
9. Which of the following is the BEST example of anaerobic activity?
Answer
  • Jogging
  • Walking
  • Sprinting
  • Bicycle touring

Question 10

Question
10. Which of the following BEST explains why a veteran distance runner can go farther and at a faster pace than a beginning runner? The
Answer
  • Veteran runner has stronger muscles.
  • Beginning runner’s cardiorespiratory system is not as developed as the veteran runner’s.
  • Veteran runner has received more specialized training.
  • beg-inning runner has a less efficient distribution of body weight.

Question 11

Question
11. Your ability to maintain posture, lift, push, and pull are examples of
Answer
  • Muscular fitness.
  • Aerobic fitness.
  • flexibility fitness.
  • Agility fitness.

Question 12

Question
12. Gradually increasing the resistance that muscles have become accustomed to is the basis for the Principle.
Answer
  • Inertia
  • Overload
  • Anaerobic
  • Specificity

Question 13

Question
13. The strength-building exercise method that involves exerting force against immovable objects is called
Answer
  • Isotension.
  • Isokinetic.
  • isometric.
  • Isotonic.

Question 14

Question
14. Cybex, Mini-Gym, and Biodex are machines used in which form of resistance training’!
Answer
  • isometric
  • Isotonic
  • Isostatic
  • Isokinetic

Question 15

Question
15. Dumbbells and barbells are used in which form of strength training?
Answer
  • Isotonic
  • Ballistic
  • Isokinetic
  • Isometric

Question 16

Question
16. Muscular endurance is BEST developed by increasing
Answer
  • Variety.
  • Resistance.
  • Repetitions.
  • Range of motion.

Question 17

Question
17. One advantage of isokinetic exercise is that
Answer
  • It encourages the user to work at maintaining balance while exercising.
  • The sound and feel of the exercise projects a “tough” image
  • Muscles are overloaded through the entire range of motion.
  • It is inexpensive and many individuals can participate

Question 18

Question
18. Carolina can move her shoulder joint through her natural range of motion. She has
Answer
  • A highly developed cardiorespiratory system.
  • flexibility at that particular joint.
  • Good muscular strength.
  • Muscular endurance at that joint.

Question 19

Question
19. The BEST combination of effectiveness and low risk for maintaining flexibility is a regular program of
Answer
  • Static stretching.
  • Ballistic stretching.
  • Running and walking.
  • Tai chi chuan or similar discipline.

Question 20

Question
20. Body composition is an important concern because
Answer
  • The information helps to identify people who do not exercise.
  • Of the high incidence of obesity in the United States.
  • Without body composition data, certain exercises may do more harm than good.
  • A body composition assessment should accompany all exercise programs.

Question 21

Question
21. Cardiorespiratory endurance can best be achieved through all of the following EXCEPT
Answer
  • Rollerblading.
  • Cross-country skiing.
  • Skating.
  • Golf

Question 22

Question
22. According to the American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) recommendations for achieving cardiorespiratory fitness, the mode of activity should be
Answer
  • Intermittent and use mostly small muscles.
  • Anaerobic in nature and regular intervals.
  • Activities that develop flexibility.
  • Any continuous physical activity that uses large muscles

Question 23

Question
23. According to the ACSM, which activity would NOT meet the requirement for developing cardiorespiratory fitness?
Answer
  • Cycling
  • Softball
  • Dancing
  • Step training

Question 24

Question
24. One of the recommendations for helping you to continue with an exercise program is to
Answer
  • Make all components as consistent as possible.
  • Train in silence to help you concentrate.
  • Make it enjoyable.
  • Train alone.

Question 25

Question
25. To improve your cardiorespiratory fitness, you should exercise at least _ times per week.
Answer
  • two to four
  • Three to five
  • four to seven
  • One to five

Question 26

Question
26. Twenty-year-old Roger wants to begin an exercise program. As a young adult in good health With no weight problems, to achieve significant aerobic conditioning benefits he should try to bring his Heart rate during exercise to a sustained level of about beats per minute.
Answer
  • 220
  • 200
  • 160
  • 130

Question 27

Question
27. The ACSM recommends that a healthy adult exercise at an intensity level of
Answer
  • 50 percent of his maximum heart rate.
  • Between 55 and 80 percent of his maximum heart rate.
  • Between 40 and 75 percent of his maximum heart rate.
  • Between 64 and 91 percent of his maximum heart rate.

Question 28

Question
28. The phenomenon by which aerobic exercise strengthens the heart, lungs, and blood vessels is Called
Answer
  • Maximum heart rate.
  • The training effect.
  • The target heart rate.
  • Cardiorespiratory fitness.

Question 29

Question
29. To achieve a training effect, one must exercise at which one of the following intensity levels?
Answer
  • Target heart rate
  • Maximum heart rate
  • Minimum heart rate
  • 50 percent of maximum heart rate

Question 30

Question
30. Training at a level above your target heart rate will probably
Answer
  • Endanger your health.
  • Significantly raise your maximum heart rate
  • Produce fatigue before much cardiorespiratory benefit occurs.
  • Reduce the time needed to improve cardiorespiratory fitness.

Question 31

Question
31. Which of the following statements about training at a level below your target heart rate is MOST Accurate? It will
Answer
  • Burn some extra calories.
  • Produce no health benefits.
  • Lower your target heart rate.
  • Lengthen the time needed to achieve a training effect.

Question 32

Question
32. Sean is exercising aerobically and wants to determine if he is training in his target heart rate Range. Which of the following statements is FALSE?
Answer
  • He should find an easily accessible artery, such as the carotid, to determine heart rate.
  • He should feel for his pulse on the inside of his wrist, just above the base of his pinky.
  • He should count the number of beats he feels in a fifteen—second period.
  • He should wear a heart rate monitor.

Question 33

Question
33. The ACSM recommends that exercise periods should last at least minutes.
Answer
  • 20-90
  • 15-30
  • 10-45
  • 40-60

Question 34

Question
34. The American College of Sports Medicine recognizes resistance training in its fitness guidelines As
Answer
  • Not being recommended for most people.
  • Important for strengthening the limbs.
  • Not being important to overall fitness.
  • Important to achieving overall fitness.

Question 35

Question
35. According to the ACSM, the goal of resistance training is to
Answer
  • Improve cardiorespiratory endurance.
  • Improve overall muscle strength and muscle endurance.
  • Allow an individual to become a competitive lifter.
  • Improve overall joint flexibility.

Question 36

Question
36. Robyn wants to increase her flexibility. What recommendation should she follow during stretching? She should
Answer
  • Bounce during each stretch to increase her range of motion.
  • Hold her breath, then exhale slowly through the stretch.
  • Warm up with slow, rhythmic movements prior to stretching.
  • Stretch beyond the point of pain to allow for greater flexibility.

Question 37

Question
37. Stretching should occur
Answer
  • Before warming up.
  • Before cooling down.
  • After warming up and after cooling down.
  • Before warming up and before cooling down.

Question 38

Question
38. One of the main benefits of a cool down period after exercise is to
Answer
  • Permit the heart to return to a resting state more rapidly.
  • Reduce the risk of sore muscles.
  • Reduce the risk of heart attack.
  • Reduce sweating.

Question 39

Question
39. Which of the following is TRUE regarding low back pain?
Answer
  • It tends to happen to many adults.
  • It is usually caused by postural problems.
  • It usually requires medical intervention.
  • It usually is an uncommon occurrence among adults.

Question 40

Question
40. People between the ages of 45 and 64 most commonly experience which of the following Physical changes?
Answer
  • Significant immune suppression issues
  • Loss of some cognitive functions
  • Gradual degeneration in joint cartilage
  • An inability to maintain an activity at one's target heart rate

Question 41

Question
41. Which of the following conditions should Sue, who is postmenopausal, be most concerned about?
Answer
  • A decrease in adipose tissue
  • Loss of calcium from the bone
  • An unsatisfying sexual relationship with her partner
  • Trouble remembering what day it is

Question 42

Question
42. Which of the following is TRUE regarding women and calcium
Answer
  • Women tend to consume a sufficient amount of calcium.
  • Premenopausal women should take the recommended amount of 1,000-1,300 mg of calcium per Day.
  • Postmenopausal women need to take between 800 and 1,000 mg of calcium per day.
  • Along with calcium, women need adequate vitamin E to aid in the absorption of calcium.

Question 43

Question
43. Although the exact mechanism is unknown, osteoporosis occurs when
Answer
  • The bones lose calcium.
  • Women experience menopause.
  • Undetected fractures spread to other sites in the bone.
  • Vitamin D is drawn from the bones for use elsewhere in the body.

Question 44

Question
44. How does exercise help to prevent osteoporosis? It
Answer
  • Maintains flexibility, the loss of which leads to osteoporosis.
  • Triggers the appetite for calcium-containing foods.
  • Increases the body’s output of estrogen
  • Helps to increase calcium deposition in bone.

Question 45

Question
45. Women who exercise regularly and whose diets include the recommended amounts of calcium And vitamin D will have fewer problems with BLANK
Answer
  • Arthritis
  • Menopause
  • Osteoporosis
  • Joint Degeneration

Question 46

Question
46. Osteoarthritis
Answer
  • Is a form of arthritis that develops as we age
  • Is a form of osteoporosis that occurs mainly in men.
  • Occurs most often in the shoulder and wrist.
  • Has no genetic predisposition.

Question 47

Question
47. Scientists now believe that most people’s problems with osteoarthritis are caused by
Answer
  • Improper stretching and warm-up prior to exercise.
  • Injuries that were never allowed to heal properly.
  • Congenital joint defects.
  • Inherited tendencies.

Question 48

Question
48. Your knee begins to ache periodically from arthritis. If you seek medical treatment for it, the doctor‘s main goal will be to
Answer
  • Make you more comfortable.
  • Eliminate the cause of the knee pain.
  • Repair any damage the arthritis has caused.
  • Prevent the arthritis from spreading to other joints.

Question 49

Question
49. A lifelong jogger has developed osteoarthritis in his hips. Which of the following is his doctor MOST likely to recommend as initial treatment?
Answer
  • Hip replacement surgery
  • Anti-inflammatory drugs and continued activity
  • Painkillers and immobilizing the legs for one to two weeks
  • anti-inflammatory drugs and stopping all running and most walking

Question 50

Question
50. A reduction in the size of muscle fibers, related to the aging process is called
Answer
  • Isokinetic.
  • Regression.
  • Sarcopenia
  • isometric.

Question 51

Question
51. According to the United States Department of Health and Human Services‘policy on physical Activity, which of the following statements is the most true?
Answer
  • At least 100 minutes of moderate-intensity physical activity per week can produce major health Benefits.
  • An equivalent combination of moderate and vigorous physical activity can be used to achieve Significant health benefits.
  • Fifty minutes of vigorous physical activity per week can produce major health benefits.
  • There is no such thing as too much physical activity.

Question 52

Question
52. What recommendation should Tom, who is 56 years old, follow when beginning an exercise Program?
Answer
  • He should train at the higher end of his target heart rate.
  • He should have a complete physical exam that includes a stress test.
  • He should begin to exercise by himself after reading a “how to” exercise book.
  • His exercise program should focus on physical conditioning.

Question 53

Question
53. Which of the following fitness programs would be LEAST appropriate for older adults?
Answer
  • Bicycling
  • Water aerobics
  • Golf
  • full-court basketball

Question 54

Question
54. You should always see a doctor before starting a new exercise program if you
Answer
  • Have a chronic disease.
  • Are over 35.
  • Have not exercised in two years.
  • Previously suffered an exercise—induced injury.

Question 55

Question
55. Max enjoys jogging five days per week, but now he often has pain in his knees, despite several Shoe changes. He wants to reduce the pain and still stay in good shape. Which of the following is the BEST option for Max now?
Answer
  • Rest for one week and then continue as before.
  • Eliminate the jogging and take up new forms of exercise.
  • Cut the number of weekly runs from five to three.
  • Replace some of his runs with low—impact activities.

Question 56

Question
56. Sports drinks might be preferred to water for fluid replacement during a prolonged and intense fitness activity because they
Answer
  • Are absorbed by the system more quickly than water.
  • Also supply electrolytes and carbohydrates.
  • Satisfy thirst more effectively than water.
  • Stay fresh longer than water.

Question 57

Question
57. The improvement of your aerobic fitness capacity has been associated with a decreased risk of Developing which types of cancer?
Answer
  • Pancreatic and lung
  • Breast and lung
  • Breast and colon
  • Breast and bone marrow