There was quite a bit known about Pre-Columbian America prior to Columbus' encounter
Which area of the Americas was complex with large scale empires, commerce, and trade?
Amazons and Rio Grande
Andes and Meso-America
Most Native Americans were Mongoloid in descent
Where did the Olmecs reside?
Check off all of the groups of indigenous people who resided in Central Mexico
[blank_start]Moctezuma[blank_end] was the "divine monarch" of the Aztecs.
The Aztecs were originally [blank_start]mercenaries[blank_end] for other city states. In [blank_start]1428[blank_end] they established the [blank_start]Triple Alliance[blank_end] and formed the Aztec Empire. Cities conquered by the Aztecs needed to [blank_start]pay tribute[blank_end]. The Aztecs believed in periods of [blank_start]growth and decline[blank_end]. In order to slow down periods of decline, the Aztecs used [blank_start]human sacrifice[blank_end] as a way to satiate their god and in return he would provide them with sunny weather.
Patent of Sante Fe
be their friends
vacate their land
growth and decline
day and night
good and bad
sacrifice of the firstborn
What is Mita?
Forced slavery in the Yucatan Peninsula under the Toltec Empire in order to build pyramids.
Collective labor service where everyone from the region works together to maintain irrigation.
Huacas were objects and places that connected the spirit world to the real world
The Inca Empire was founded around [blank_start]1400 AD[blank_end] and by the early [blank_start]16th[blank_end] century stretched from [blank_start]Chile to Columbia[blank_end]. They ruled over nearly [blank_start]7 million people[blank_end]. The Incas had [blank_start]graineries[blank_end] for famine, irrigation, and mountain roads.
Cuba to Florida
California to Columbia
Chile to Columbia
7 million people
700 million people
Civil war within which Native American civilization occurred as Pizarro arrived in Peru?
Which countries make up the entirety of the Iberian Peninsula? Check all that apply
Spain was originally settled by [blank_start]Celts[blank_end] in an area referred to as Galacia. In 2 BC, it became part of the [blank_start]Roman Empire[blank_end] and was ruled by it for nearly [blank_start]500[blank_end] years. The Empire brought advancements such as [blank_start]aqueducts[blank_end]. Under the Roman Empire came the spread of Christianity. [blank_start]St James[blank_end] (Santiago) became the patron saint of Spain. Roman Spain collapsed in [blank_start]496[blank_end] with the German migration of the [blank_start]Visigoths[blank_end]. The Visigothic monarchs write the [blank_start]Liber Judiclorum[blank_end], which established one law for all who inhabit the empire. After the death of the Visigothic King in 710, a civil war breaks out and [blank_start]Muslims[blank_end] are able to take over Visgothic Spain. The Muslims, or [blank_start]Moors[blank_end], rule over Spain from [blank_start]711-1031[blank_end] but exist in Spain until 1492.
Muslim Spain falls and breaks into a series of mini kingdoms. Over a period of nearly [blank_start]400 years[blank_end], Spain is gradually conquered by Christians by [blank_start]1492[blank_end]. In the early 12th century there are 3 Christain Kingdoms: [blank_start]Leon, Aragon, and Castille[blank_end]. In 1496 the marriage of [blank_start]Isabella of Castille[blank_end] and [blank_start]Ferdinand of Aragon[blank_end] lead to the unification of Spain. The two become known as the "[blank_start]Catholic Kings[blank_end]".