Interviews/Questionnaires, Qualitative/Quantitative, Primary/Secondary

Georgia Millinchip
Slide Set by Georgia Millinchip, updated more than 1 year ago
Georgia Millinchip
Created by Georgia Millinchip over 3 years ago
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AS level Psychology (Research Methods ) Slide Set on Interviews/Questionnaires, Qualitative/Quantitative, Primary/Secondary, created by Georgia Millinchip on 06/07/2017.

Resource summary

Slide 1

    Interviews
    StructuredQuestions asked in a fixed order (pre determined).UnstructuredConversational - Interviewee can elaborate. Interaction is free flowing.Semi-StructuredQuestions worked out in advance but follow up questions are common.
    AO3Structured Easy to replicate - minimised differences between interviewers. Not possible to elaborate on points - frustrating UnstructuredFlexibility - insight into the worldview of the interviewee.Have to sift through irrelevant information - firm conclusions difficult to reach. Interviewees may lie to look socially desirable.

Slide 2

    Questionnaires
    Open Questions No fixed answer Qualitative data Rich depth and detail Difficult to analyse
    Closed Questions Fixed responses Qualitative data Easy to analyse Lacks depth and detail

Slide 3

    Qualitative and Quantitative
    Info not in numerical form (E.g. diaries, open ended questionnaires etc) More detail - participants can develop on their thoughts and opinions. Greater external validity due to more insights. Difficult to analyse - patterns are hard to identify as it can't be summarised statistically. Subject to bias if the researcher had preconceptions.
    Info in numerical form (E.g. graphs, tables of raw data) Easily analysed Objective - less open to bias Narrower in scope so may not represent 'real life'.

Slide 4

    Primary and Secondary
    Primary DataFactual, first-hand, by a person who was part of the study. Specifically targets required information so 'fits the job'. Requires time and effort - considerable planning, preparation and resources are needed.
    Secondary DataAnalysis and interpretation of primary research - Results from primary research are explained. Inexpensive and requires less effort as primary data already exists. Variation in quality and/or accuracy - outdated or incomplete. Content may not match the researchers objectives/needs.
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