MCAT Bio: Hormones

Description

Biology terms, focus on hormones - prep for MCAT 2014.
Mike Nervo
Flashcards by Mike Nervo, updated more than 1 year ago
Mike Nervo
Created by Mike Nervo almost 10 years ago
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Resource summary

Question Answer
Growth Hormone (GH) Function: increases bone growth, muscle growth. Produced in: anterior pituitary Type: peptide
Prolactin Function: mammary gland stimulation, produce milk Produced in: anterioir pituitary Type: peptide
Thyroid Stimulating Hormone (TSH) Function: increase production of TH Produced in: anterior pituitary Type: peptide
Adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) Function: stimulate adrenal cortex Produced in: anterior pituitary Type: peptide
Luteinizing hormone (LH) Function: stimulate ovary, or testes Produced in: anterior pituitary Type: peptide
Follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) Function: follicle development for girls. Spermatogenesis for guys Produced in: anterior pituitary Type: peptide
Antidiuretic hormone (ADH) Function: water retention, acts on kidney Produced in: posterior pituitary Type: peptide
ADH aka vasopressin
Oxytocin Function: uterus contraction, milk letdown (Hint: Think of orgasm) Produced in: posterior pituitary Type: peptide
Thyroid Hormone (TH) Function: increases metabolism Produced in: thyroid Type: modified amino acid (acts like a steroid)
TH aka thyroxine
Calcitonin Function: lowers blood calcium concentration Produced in: thyroid Type: peptide
Parathyroid hormone (PTH) Function: increases blood calcium concentration Produced in: parathyroid Type: peptide
Epinephrine Function: sympathetic response Produced in: adrenal medulla Type: modified amino acid (acts like peptide)
cortisol Function: longterm stress response. increase blood glucose Produced in: adrenal cortex Type: steroid
Cortisol aka glucocorticoid
Aldosterone Function: sodium reabsorption, which increases blood pressure Produced in: adrenal cortex Type: steroid
Insulin Function: decrease blood glucose, increase glycogen Produced in: pancreas Type: peptide
Glucagon Function: increase blood glucose, decrease glycogen Produced in: pancreas Type: peptide
Somatostatin Function: inhibits digestion Produced in: pancreas Type: peptide
Testosterone Function: spermatogenesis, male characters Produced in: testes Type: steroid
Estrogen Function: female characters Produced in: ovaries Type: steroid
Progesterone Function: grows endometrial growth Produced in: ovaries Type: steroid
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