Aggression Key Points

Becca Westwell
Flashcards by , created almost 5 years ago

GCSE Psychology (Aggression) Flashcards on Aggression Key Points, created by Becca Westwell on 11/20/2014.

Becca Westwell
Created by Becca Westwell almost 5 years ago
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Question Answer
Biological Explanations of Aggression Hormones Chromosomal abnormality Brain damage/disease
Aggressive hormone Testosterone
Abnormality in chromosomes XYY
Damaged parts of the brain responsible for high levels of aggression Limbic system Pre-frontal cortex
The limbic system The part of the brain that causes aggressive behaviour.
Testosterone The male hormone thought to cause aggressive behavior.
XYY An arrangement of chromosomes that causes aggressive behavior.
The pre-frontal cortex The part of the brain associated with instincts such as aggression.
Biological ways of reducing aggression Drugs Psycho-surgery
Psycho-surgery Either removes or destroys parts of the brain not functioning properly.
Drug used to treat ADHD Ritalin
Thanatos An unconscious drive which causes us to self-destruct.
Ego-defence Mechanisms Displacement Sublimation
Displacement Aggressive towards others.
Sublimation Channeling aggression into safe activities.
Frustration-Aggression Explanation A trigger is needed to cause frustration leading to aggressive behavior.
A study to support the frustration-aggression hypothesis Barker (1941) Kept children waiting to play with toys. Being frustrated does lead to aggression.
Study to investigate the biological explanation of aggression: brain damage/disease Raine et al (1997) 41 murderers given PET scans When pre-frontal cortex is not working normally, it can lead to people committing violent crimes.
Study to investigate the biological explanation of aggression: hormones Young et al (1959) Injected pregnant monkeys with testosterone. Testosterone does seem to play a vital part in aggressive behavior.
What did Megargee and Mendelsohn study? The link between aggression and personality type.
Catharsis Watching aggressive behavior in order to reduce aggressive instincts.
Two ways of dealing with our aggressive instincts. Ego defence mechanisms such as displacement and sublimation. Catharsis
Social Learning Theory Observation Role Models Imitation Vicarious Reinforcement Monitoring
A study to show aggression can be learned. Bandura et al (1963) 'Bobo' doll method. Children will copy how they see others behave.
Social Learning Theory ways of reducing aggression. Observe more non-aggressive role models. See a role model being punished for aggressive behavior. Get people to think differently about how to behave.