Public Speaking Midterm

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Flashcards on Public Speaking Midterm, created by aforbes on 03/18/2015.

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Question Answer
Epidiectic Speech for special ceremonies, like weddings and funerals.
Forensic Speech that advocates in terms of public or legal matters. Used for settling disputes.
Deliberative Legislative/political issues
5 canons of Rhetoric Invention, arrangement, style, memory and delivery
invention adapting the speech to the audience. selecting info to prove points
Arrangement organizing a speech according to audience. coherent and convincing.
Style verbal and nonverbal language. choice of words and sentence structure
memory remembering what you've got to say; fluent in jargon. Artful delivery through practice
delivery vocal and non-verbal behavior. enhancing paralanguage
Definition of Communication "The sharing of meaning; establishing definitions."
3 parts of a speech Introduction, Body, Conclusion
Introduction Purpose arousing attention, previewing main points, motivating audience to listen.
Purpose of a body go through each point in detail, most of the info is here.
Purpose of the conclusion reiterate main points, remind them why they care and call to action
3 characteristics of a quality outline Unified, Coherent and Balanced
Purpose of informative speeches Communicate knowledge, increase awareness, give new info, insights and perspectives, and shape perception
4 ways to convey info Definition, description, demonstration, explanation
Definition identifying essential qualities and meanings.
Types of definition Operational(what it does), Negation(what it's not), Synonym(what it's like) Etymology(what the word comes from)
Description using an array of details to paint a mental picture and create a virtual tour
demonstration showing instead of telling. step by step instructions, models or visual aids.
Explanation providing reasons, causes, effects, relationships, interpretations and analyses.
Definition of Persuasion "Process of influencing attitudes, beliefs, values and behaviors."
3 parts of the purpose of persuasion Influence audience's choices, limit their alternatives and seek a response or change.
Process of Persuasion Reasoning + Emotion= Logic
3 Types of Rhetorical Proofs Ethos (Credibility and good sense), Pathos (emotion) and Logos (logic and reasoning)
Syllogism creating and connected an argument with 3 parts. Men are mortal. Aristotle was a man. therefore he was mortal.
Enthymeme 2 part argument: Aristotle was a man, therefore he was mortal. Men being mortal can be deduced by audience.
Deductive General to Specific
Inductive Specific to General
4 sets of Emotion Anger/Meekness, Love/Hate, Fear/Boldness, Shame/Shamelessness
3 Ways to Establish Credibility Good sense (competence), Moral character (personal connection), Goodwill (caring about topic and audience.)
2 Routes of Elaboration Likelihood model Central and Peripheral
Central processing route audience is actively motivated to listen and engage.
Peripheral processing route Lack of motivation due to irrelevant info, complex/disorganized info or other, more important problems
4 factors that influence the outcome of persuasive messages Expertise, trustworthiness, speaker similarity, attractiveness
Expertise Perspectives of uninformed and informed listeners
trustworthiness do i really want what's best for them?
speaker similarity commonalities connect and add credibility
attractiveness being well dressed and put together, confidence and control of the situation
Definition of an Argument "Stated position for or against an idea or issue."
3 parts of an argument Claim, warrant and evidence
3 Types of claims Fact (true/false), value(right/wrong), policy (this should happen)
Types of Evidence Examples, Narratives, Testimonies, Facts, Statistics and Common Knowledge
Types of Warrants Motivational (needs, desires, values), Authoritative (credibility), Substantive (information and facts)
Begging the question Logical fallacy: stated without evidence, simply restates the claim. NO allowance for alternatives
Bandwagon LF: Everyone is doing it, you should too.
Either/or LF: either you're with us or against us.
Ad-hominum Targets a person instead of an issue
Red herring No connection between claim, warrant or evidence
Hasty generalization Using one isolated incident to support and entire, broad claim (pit bulls)
Non-sequitor Conclusion doesn't follow argument
Slippery Slope Gay marriage will lead to animal marriage
Appeal to tradition That's the way things have always been, so why should we change?
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