Public Speaking

bhernandez2
Mind Map by bhernandez2, updated more than 1 year ago
bhernandez2
Created by bhernandez2 over 6 years ago
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Description

MindMap for Speech MidTerm

Resource summary

Public Speaking
  1. Communication
    1. sender/ speaker
      1. message
        1. receiver/ listener
          1. 3 Benefits
            1. Personal
              1. Professional
                1. Social
                2. Process
                  1. People
                    1. Frame of Reference: sum of a person's knowledge, experience, goals, values and attitudes
                    2. Messages
                      1. verbal / non- verbal
                      2. Channel
                        1. Interference
                          1. internal / external
                          2. Feedback
                            1. verbal / non-verbal
                            2. Context
                              1. comm. happens here
                            3. 3 Models
                              1. Actional
                                1. Interactional
                                  1. Transactional
                                    1. most effective
                                2. Developing Confidence
                                  1. Communication Apprehension: an individual's fear or anxiety associated w/ real or anticipated comm. w/ others commonly known as being nervous
                                    1. 3 Causes:
                                      1. Heredity
                                        1. Learned
                                          1. Skills Deficit
                                            1. Self Awareness: occurs when you begin to reflect on your perceptions of yourself and on the perceptions of other
                                              1. Self Concept: how you see yourself
                                                1. Self Image: self description
                                                  1. Self Esteem: worth
                                                    1. Jahari Window
                                          2. Ethical Standards
                                            1. Political
                                              1. Human
                                                1. Dialogic
                                                  1. Situational
                                                    1. Plagiarism
                                                      1. Intentional
                                                        1. Global
                                                          1. entire work
                                                          2. Patchwork
                                                            1. key words/ phrases
                                                          3. Unintentional
                                                            1. occurs when you present someone else's words or ideas as your own
                                                            2. Moral
                                                            3. Perception & Self Concept
                                                              1. perception: process by which we select, organize, and interpret the world around us
                                                                1. STEPS
                                                                  1. Select: calling attention to whatever we're thinking about
                                                                    1. Organize: make sense of what's happening
                                                                      1. Interpret: assigning meaning to events around you through closure and context
                                                                    2. Topic Selection
                                                                      1. 3 things to consider:
                                                                        1. Ourselves
                                                                          1. Audience
                                                                            1. Occasion
                                                                            2. Types of Speeches:
                                                                              1. Informative
                                                                                1. Persuasive
                                                                                  1. Entertainment
                                                                                    1. not usually prepared
                                                                                  2. Further Breakdown
                                                                                    1. General
                                                                                      1. overall intent of the message
                                                                                      2. Specific
                                                                                        1. determined by topic
                                                                                        2. Thesis Statement
                                                                                          1. provides overview of entire presentation
                                                                                      3. Audience Analysis
                                                                                        1. the process by which we gather and analyze information about our audience and adapt our message to their knowledge, interest, attitudes, and beliefs
                                                                                          1. before
                                                                                            1. before, during, after
                                                                                              1. When to analyze:
                                                                                                1. Audience Centeredness
                                                                                                  1. Demographics: age, gender, religion, etc.
                                                                                                    1. 6 Factors to Consider
                                                                                                      1. size
                                                                                                        1. setting
                                                                                                          1. type
                                                                                                            1. interests
                                                                                                              1. knowledge
                                                                                                                1. attitudes
                                                                                                              2. Gathering Materials
                                                                                                                1. Supporting Material
                                                                                                                  1. Statistics
                                                                                                                    1. Analogies
                                                                                                                      1. Fact
                                                                                                                        1. Example
                                                                                                                          1. Testimony
                                                                                                                2. Organizing Ideas
                                                                                                                  1. Organizational Patterns:
                                                                                                                    1. Chronological
                                                                                                                      1. in order
                                                                                                                      2. Spatial
                                                                                                                        1. according to place or position
                                                                                                                        2. Causal
                                                                                                                          1. cause/effect
                                                                                                                          2. Topical
                                                                                                                          3. Transitions
                                                                                                                            1. Signpost
                                                                                                                              1. signal the next point
                                                                                                                                1. "first, next, third"
                                                                                                                                  1. phrases
                                                                                                                              2. Intro & Conclusion
                                                                                                                                1. Introduction
                                                                                                                                  1. Attention Getter
                                                                                                                                    1. Relevance
                                                                                                                                      1. Credibility
                                                                                                                                        1. Preview
                                                                                                                                  2. Conclusion
                                                                                                                                    1. Goals
                                                                                                                                      1. Summary
                                                                                                                                        1. Memorable Close
                                                                                                                                        2. Elements
                                                                                                                                          1. Signal end of speech
                                                                                                                                            1. Reinforce central idea
                                                                                                                                              1. Summarize
                                                                                                                                                1. End with quotation
                                                                                                                                                  1. Make dramatic statement
                                                                                                                                                    1. Refer to Intro
                                                                                                                                      2. Outlining
                                                                                                                                        1. Preperation Outline
                                                                                                                                          1. full sentences/ follow exact order
                                                                                                                                          2. Speaking Outline
                                                                                                                                            1. notes/ used to jog your memory during speech
                                                                                                                                          3. Language
                                                                                                                                            1. Connotation
                                                                                                                                              1. variable, figurative, and subjective, suggests or implies something, meaning suggested by emotion
                                                                                                                                              2. Denotation
                                                                                                                                                1. precise, literal, and objective, dictionary definition
                                                                                                                                              3. Delivery
                                                                                                                                                1. conveys the speaker's ideas clearly, interestingly, and w/o distracting the audience
                                                                                                                                                  1. "conversational quality"
                                                                                                                                                    1. Speaker's Voice
                                                                                                                                                      1. volume
                                                                                                                                                        1. pitch
                                                                                                                                                          1. inflections
                                                                                                                                                            1. avoid monotone
                                                                                                                                                              1. rate
                                                                                                                                                                1. pauses
                                                                                                                                                                  1. vocal variety
                                                                                                                                                      2. Speaker's body
                                                                                                                                                        1. personal appearance
                                                                                                                                                          1. movement
                                                                                                                                                            1. gestures
                                                                                                                                                              1. eye contact
                                                                                                                                                      3. Methods
                                                                                                                                                        1. Reading from a manuscript
                                                                                                                                                          1. Reciting from memory
                                                                                                                                                            1. Speaking Impomptu
                                                                                                                                                              1. Speaking etemporaneously
                                                                                                                                                            2. Visual Aids
                                                                                                                                                              1. visual literacy: the ability to interpret visual messages
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