3.3 Space Race and Moon Landing Preparation

Flashcards by samstevenson2014, updated more than 1 year ago
Created by samstevenson2014 almost 6 years ago


Leaving Cert History (The United States and the Wider World Flashcards) Flashcards on 3.3 Space Race and Moon Landing Preparation, created by samstevenson2014 on 04/25/2015.

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Question Answer
What did Nazis develop during the second world war? V1 and V2 rockets
What did Soviets and Americans compete to do in 1945? Capture German rocket scientists
Who did the US get? Werner Von Braun, head of German research team
Why did the US begin with rocket technology? The Russians launched the first Inter-Continental Ballistic Missile (ICBM)
What else did they launch? First man-made satellite, sputnik in 1957
What was America's first ICBM called? Atlas rocket
Who established NASA? Eisenhower
What does NASA stand for? National Aeronautics and Space Administration
What happened in 1960? Soviets' Luna II rocket hit the moon
Who became the first man in space in 1961? Yuri Gagarin
What did Kennedy promise in 1961? US would put a man on the moon by the end of the 1960's
What did NASA need to find out before landing men on the moon? If they could survive in space
What was the name of the programme that followed? The Mercury Peogramme
How many test flights were manned? Six
Who became the first American to orbit the earth in 1962? John Glen
What was the following project called? The Gemini Project
How many flights? Ten
What was designed to carry out the moon landing? The Apollo Programme
What was the most powerful rocket ever built that it used? Saturn V
How many gallons of fuel? One million
How many stages was the process divided into? Three
Where did the astronauts live in the rocket? Command Module (Columbia)
What was to break away from Command Module and land? Lunar Module (Eagle)
What were it's two stages? Lower contained exploration equipment and rockets to slow down descent Upper would carry astronauts back to Command Module
When did Apollo 8 leave? How many men? December 1968 Three
When did Apollo 10 leave How many men? 1969 Three
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