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garnand.family
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garnand.family
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Question Answer
Amendment A change or an addition to a bill, constitution, etc.
Assimilate to take in and fully understand
Bias to feel more affection towards one thing than the other which sways their opinion
bicameral Having two branches, or houses as a legislative body
Blockade closes off people in an area and block them from getting out or in
Boomtown A town or city that has grown very quickly in a short time
Capitalism an economic and political system in which industries are controlled by private owners for profit, rather than by the state
Captain of industry A successful man who runs a business and cares for the workers and the people
Checks and Balances Allows the 3 branches of government to have some power another and makes sure they are doing their job
Congress the national legislative body of a country
Due process law Fair treatment for citizens in any circumstances
Economics the social science that seeks to describe the factors which determine the production, distribution and consumption of goods and services
Emancipated To end slavery
Enfranchise To give the right to vote
Enumerated to mention a number of things one by one
Federalism The federal principle or system of government
Forty-Niners A prospector in the California gold rush of 1849
Free Enterprise An economic system in which private business operates in competition and largely free of state control
Habeas Corpus A law requiring a person under arrest to be brought before a judge or into court
Industry The economic activity concerned with the processing of raw materials and manufacture of goods in factories
Judicial A branch in government that sees if bills will be passed on
Ku Klux Klan A secret organization that tried to enforce white supremacy
Manifest Destiny Gods belief of moving west
Martyr A person who would rather die than change his or her religion
Monopoly The control over companies by having trust with the different businesses
Nomadic people who move a lot
Override When the judicial branch decides yes and president says no, then 2/3 of the judicial has to say yes to make it a law
Popular Sovereignty the principle that the authority of the government is created and sustained by the consent of its people
Ratify sign or give formal consent to (a treaty, contract, or agreement), making it officially valid
Radical An extreme version of a party
Republicanism The ideology of governing a society or state as a republic
Robber Barron A greedy business owner who will do anything to become rich and have money
rural an area with not many people, usually farmers
Separation of powers Splits up the government so it wont overpower
Social Darwinism The way humans interact with each other
Suffrage Right to vote
Supreme Court The highest court in the nation that has 9 judges
Tariff A tax imposed on imported goods and services
taxation without representation Being taxed without a reason behind
Trade union a group of workers who wanted fair work hours and fair wage
Urban a highly populated city in a close area
veto to reject
Thomas Jefferson 3rd president and got the Louisiana territory and invented the light bulb, also one of the founding fathers
Andrew Jackson 7th president and known as the common man and signed the Indian Removal act
Sacagawea Major help when Lewis and Clark explored the Louisiana territory and guided them and helped them with medical stuff and had a baby with her
James K. Polk president who got the most land for manifest destiny
Frederick Douglass Famous ex-slave who wrote the north star and auto biography who was also a famous abolitionist
Harriet Beecher Stowe Wrote Uncle Tom's Cabin and was an abolitionist
John Brown White abolitionist who used violence to fight
Robert E. Lee General of the confederates during the civil war
Andrew JOhnson One of the worst presidents in history who did not help much during reconstruction
Susan B. Anthony Main leader for women suffragist movement
Sitting Bull Indian chief who got killed at wounded knee
George Custer General who killed Sitting Bull
Cornelius Vanderbilt Famous millionaire during gilded age by taxing shipping
John Rockefeller Ran standard oil and became millionaire during gilded age
Andrew Carnegie Famous billionaire who got money by mass producing steel
Jamestown First migrated town in the U.S territory from England
Plymouth Migrated town that moved for free religion
Lexington and Concord The first battle of the Revolutionary war
Erie Canal Canal that connected NY to Lake Erie and opened lots of trading
The Alamo a fort in Texas that was a tragic loss for Texas
Harper's Ferry a navy base that was about to be raided but they had failed
Gettysburg One of the bloodiest battles in the civil war
Appomattox Coarthouse The place where Robert E. Lee surrendered during the civil war
Promontory Point, Utah The place where all the railroads came together
Ellis Island and Angel Island The places where immigrants went before entering the U.S
Declaration of Independence signed July 4th, 1779 it broke the U.S. from England
Revolutionary war The war that was fought between England and the U.S. because the U.S. just broke up with them
Articles of Confederation a rough draft of the Constitution that did not work
Great Comprimise When the Virginian plan and the New Jersey Plan came together to make the judicial branch
Passing the Constitution The Founding fathers finally agreed on the boundaries for governments and the citizens
Adding the Bill of Rights The first 10 amendments that gave rules to the U.S. to follow
Louisiana Purchase A purchase Thomas Jefferson made with the French army so they can get money for war which gave the U.S. west coast
Missouri comprimise Made all the states above Missouri a slave state and made Missouri a state and a slave state
Indian Removal act (trail of tears) Made all the Native Americans move to reservation with little to pack
Mexican-American war A war between Mexico and America for the Texas territory
California Gold Rush When people found out that California territory had gold and people moved to there for gold
Homestead act encouraged Western migration by providing settlers 160 acres of public land. In exchange, homesteaders paid a small filing fee and were required to complete five years of continuous residence before receiving ownership of the land.
Industrial Revolution A period after civil war to reunite the south back to the north but failed
Underground railroad a trail that helped slaves escape from their masters to live free in the north
Seneca falls A convention/ meeting that many women meet to talk about women rights
Compromise of 1850 Made the fugitive slave act which made it so slave hunters can find ex-slave and take them back
Kansas-Nebraska act opening new lands for settlement, and had the effect of repealing the Missouri Compromise of 1820
Dred Scott v. sanford Slaves can't fight in a court case because they don't count as human
Fugitive slave act Allowed slave hunters to track down ex-slaves who had ran away
Bleeding Kansas Border War was a series of violent political confrontations in the United States involving anti-slavery Free-Staters and pro-slavery
Emancipation Proclomation Freed slaves in areas of rebellious areas of the united states
Civil war draft riots People rioted because people were sent to the field and rich people can buy their way out and the poor were mad by this
Gettysburg address A speech by Abraham Lincoln about 2-3 minutes long that talk about the fallen
Reconstruction The time period after the civil war to rebuild the country back together
Civil war amendments Amendments during and after the civil war that gave blacks freedom, right to vote, and be a full citizen
Completion of the transcontinental railroad When the east coast and west coast railroads finally meet
Indian wars When the Indians fought back and rebelled during the Indian removal act because they don't want to move
gilded age time period when a big boom in the economy of the U.S. and big businesses control the money
Populist party Started in Kansas by farmers, it rebelled rich people for being filthy rich but pays less
Plessy v. Ferguson The states can constitutionally enact legislation requiring persons of different races to use “separate but equal” segregated facilities
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