How Did the Cold War Develop 1943-1956

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Tehran Leaders- 1943 Stalin, Roosevelt, Churchill
Tehran Agreements - Open a second front in France - USSR to join war against Japan once Germany were defeated -UN to be created
Tehran Disagreements - Delay in opening a second front meaning Russians suffer for longer - How independent Poland would be from the USSR
Tehran Relations - Ok, agree on similar aims - Some suspicion
Yalta Leaders- Feb 1945 Stalin, Roosevelt, Churchill
Yalta Agreements - Division of berlin into 4 - Ban Nazi party - Free elections in Europe - E. Europe to be a Soviet sphere of influence (same as Tehran)
Yalta Disagreements - How much Germany should pay in reps (USSR more than USA) - Polish border & government (Stalin friendly government for security)- further West than East
Yalta Relations - Ok disagreements rising
Potsdam Leaders- Aug 1945 -Stalin, Attlee, Truman
Potsdam Agreements - Divide Berlin & Germany - Demilitarise Germany - Re-establish democracy in Germany - How to pay reps
Potsdam Disagreements - What to do with Germany - Truman wanted a strong Germany - Free elections in E. Europe
Potsdam Relations - Worsened, lots of disagreements - All suspicious of each other
Cominform- 1947 - Gave USSR control on political decisions - All countries join except Yugoslavia
Truman Doctrine- 1947 - USA will provide economic & military aid to countries threatened by communism - USA to help in Greek Civil War - Rivalry increased - World was divided
Marshall Plan- 1947 - Gave loans to non-communist countries - Help stop the spread of communism - Back up plan of containment - Europe divides more
NATO- 1949 - Military alliance which contained most countries in W. Europe
Comecon- 1949 - Direct response to Marshall Plan - Gave USSR control on economic decisions - Told countries what to produce
Berlin Blockade- 1949 LONG TERM CAUSES - USSR & US had different ideas on what to do with Germany - Berlin in East- Stalin thought that it could be used for spying
Belin Blockade- 1949 SHORT TERM CAUSES - Jan 1948, UK & US merged zones- Bizonia - March 1948, USSR reps walked out of the allied control commission - April 1948, allied zones included in Marshall Plan - June 1948, allied powers announced decision to create a W. Germany with new currency
Belin Blockade- 1949 EVENT - Stalin blocked all routes to West Berlin - Aim to get W. Powers out - US and allies airlift supplies in
Belin Blockade- 1949 CONSEQUENCES - Stalin gave up - NATO created- prevent USSR expansion - Divisions between E. & W. Berlin confirmed - US, UK & France created German Republic - USSR created German Democratic Republic
Warsaw Pact- 1955 - Military alliance of 8 nations headed by the USSR
Hungarian Uprising- 1956 CAUSES - USSR had invaded Hungary at the end of the war, helping to install a communist government- Rakosi - Rakosi ruled as a brutal dictatorship - Imprisoned 200,000 political leaders - Killed 2000 of them - Allowed them to control Hungary's economy through comecon - Hungary couldn't trade with the West, leading to a poor standard of living and shortage of goods
Hungarian Uprising- 1956 EVENT - Huge demonstrations forced Rakosi out, Nagy took over - Tried to introduces changes like free elections & withdrawing Hungary from the Warsaw Pact - Krushchev didn't like this- sent 20,000 troops & 6000 tanks to invade to put a stop to the uprising
Hungarian Uprising- 1956 CONSEQUENCES - 20-30,000 Hungarians killed & 200,000 fled - Nagy replaced by Kadar who eventually had Nagy executed - USSR sent out warnings to other satellite states - West were horrified & became more determined to contain communism
Arms Race- 1956 - Both developing more nuclear weapons - Competing with each other - Increase tension - USA dropped a bomb in 1945 on Japan
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