American West - Timeline

James Jolliffe
Flashcards by James Jolliffe, updated more than 1 year ago More Less
thomasm
Created by thomasm about 6 years ago
James Jolliffe
Copied by James Jolliffe about 6 years ago
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Description

A timeline of all the major events during the years 1840-95 during the development of the American West.

Resource summary

Question Answer
Early 1800s Mountain Men trapping beavers
1820 Texas Rangers set up to uphold the law
1830 Church of the Jesus Christ Latter Day Saints (the Mormons) founded
1840 Estimated 13 million buffalo on the Plains
1840s First pioneers went West
1846 The Mormons leave Nauvoo
1847 Mormons arrive at the Great Salt Lake and build Salt Lake City
1848 Gold discovered in California
1849 The first miners arrive in California - the '49ers
1850 Pinkerton Detective Agency set up to prevent stagecoach robberies
1851 The First Fort Laramie Treaty signed
1860s Homesteaders begin settling on the Plains
1862 Little Crow's War + Homestead Act
1861-65 American Civil War
1862-69 Railroad constructed
1864 Sand Creek Massacre
1865-68 Red Cloud's War
1866 Charles Goodnight and Oliver Loving establish the Goodnight-Loving trail
1867 Joseph McCoy creates cowtown of Abilene
1868 The Second Fort Laramie Treaty signed
1870s Hunters begin killing buffalo / Ranchers begin to move cattle onto Plains
1873 Timber and Culture Act
1874 Barbed ware invented by Joseph Glidden
1876-77 Great Sioux War
1876 Battle of Little Bighorn / US adopts Total Warfare against Indians after defeat
1883 Bad drought killed many cattle
1885 Just 200 buffalo left
1886 Bad winter killed thousands of cattle
1890 Wovoka starts the Ghost Dance movement + Massacre at Wounded Knee
1892 Johnson County War
1887 Lawes General Allotment Act
1845 Manifest Destiny put up as an idea for the first time
1880s Wind pumps and machinery widely used on the plains
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