Road to Independence

Mindyx
Flashcards by Mindyx, updated more than 1 year ago
Mindyx
Created by Mindyx over 5 years ago
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Chapter 2 Road to Independence test

Resource summary

Question Answer
What did the following people contributed to history? Samuel de Champlain set up trading post Quebec 1608, later became capital of colony of New France
What were some of the reasons why the Spainish settled in North America? Teach their religion (Christianity) and European ways to Native Americans
What was strange about Roanoke Island? Group of colonists went missing for an anonymous reason after 6 years when Sir Walter Raleigh went to get supplies.
What did Virginia establish that was similar to the English ideas of representative government? House of Burgesses
What were Virginian colonists searching for? gold and silver, but could barely survive
What was the Mayflower Compact? Plymouth was not part of Virginian Company, pilgrims signed to provide order and later set up civil gov.
How is the colony of Rhode Island different from Massachusetts? Massachusetts: 1. Men who had property + church member could vote, 2. barred other members of faith from practicing their beliefs. Disagree= expelled Rhode Island: 1. religious toleration, safe for dissenters, 2. first place in America-people of all faith=worship freely
Who led the group of Puritans to set up the colony of Massachusetts? John Winthrop
Which colony was founded by the Quakers? Pennsylvania
What type of people was mostly found living in the New England colonies? Puritans
What led to a loss of some democratic freedoms in the colony of Virginia? A revolt from Powhatan Confederation
Which was the last colony established in America? Georgia served as a military barrier contained debtors
What did the following people contribute to history? Benjamin Franklin helped guide colonies to freedom in the 1770s patriot and statesman
What is the difference between the Middle Colonies and the New England Colonies? New England: long winters + rocky, thin soil practiced subsistence farming used shipbuilding = imp. industry Middle Colonies: fertile soil + milder climate large production = cash crops
What two ideas about government did the colonists brought with them from England? limited gov. and representative gov.
What was the Great Awakening? What type of change did it cause and how is it important? a religious revival during 1730s + 1740s caused greater religious and political freedom more colonists chose own belief= est. church power declined united N.+S. in common cause spread religious ideas, revolutionary fervor
What were the difference between Charter colonies and Proprietary colonies? Charter colonies: had charter/grant of rights/privileges, granted by Eng. monarch to stockholders Proprietary colonies: own by individual proprietor/ small group of proprietors
What was the trade route that linked New England, West Africa, and the Indies? *What would happen if slavery was illegal? triangular trade *There would be no triangular trade
What were slave codes? strict rules governing the behavior and punishments of enslaved Africans
Under a royal colony, who appointed/elected the upper house? Assembly? Parliament appointed upper house, colonists appointed assembly
Why did Britain prohibit colonists from moving west of the Appalachian? avoid conflict w/ Native Americans control settler movement prevented colonists from moving away from coast (imp. markets + investments)
What important discussions were shared during the 1st Continental Congress in September 1774? voted to boycott all Brit. goods + trades drafted a statement of grievances calling for repeal of 13 acts passed since 1763 form militias
Why was the Stamp Act passed? raise money for Brit. debt imposed taxes on all printed items
What was the significance of the Boston Massacre? 5 colonists shot dead led to stronger boycotts on Brit. goods
Which acts were passed after the Boston Tea Party in order to punish the colonists? Coercive Acts (Intolerable Acts) included Quartering Acts closed Boston Harbor Massachusetts= military
"Shot heard 'round the world" was fired in which two places? Lexington and Concord
What did the following people contribute to history? Thomas Paine writer, publish Common Sense, Jan. 1776 convinced colonists to separate from Brit. not just a squabble over taxes but a struggle for freedom
What was Benjamin Franklin's greatest contribution to American society? Statesman and patriot in American Rev.
What was the purpose of the Olive Branch Petition? assured king of colonists' desire for peace asked king to protect colonists' rights, which Parliament seemed to destroy
What tradition did Jefferson draw upon as he wrote the Declaration of Independence? governments are not all powerful= limited gov.
What is the main purpose of the preamble? states the people who wish to form a new country should explains their reasons for doing so &why the Continental Congress drew up the Declaration
What was significant about Thomas Paine's pamphlet "Common Sense"? convinced many Americans to separate from Brit. not a squabble over taxes but a struggle for freedom
What battle marked a turning point in the American Rev.? Battle of Saratoga
Why did some European countries help the Patriot after the Battle of Saratoga? they thought American victory was more possible
What was an unintended consequence of the ideals of the American Rev. women question about their place in society, white people question about slavery.
Why is the Treaty of Paris important? signed Sept. 3, 1783 Great Brit. recognized United States as independent nation
What is the Declaration of Independence? written by Thomas Paine listing what Jefferson and many other Americans thought were universal principles.
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