Ch.3 India,Hinduism,and Buddhism
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Chapter 3 flash cards

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Himalayan Mts. Located in South and East Asia which separates the Indo-Gangetic Plain from the Tibetan Plateau.
Monsoon a seasonal prevailing wind in the region of South and Southeast Asia, blowing from the southwest between May and September and brings some rain.
Harappa A archaeological site in Punjab. The site takes its name from a modern village located near the former course of the Ravi River.
Aryans Vedic Indic people who migrated into the Indian subcontinent about 1500 BCE.
Sanskrit primary sacred language of Hinduism.
Varnas Ancient Hindu literature classified all humankind.The Brahmins: priests, teachers and preachers.
Caste system India is a system of social stratification which has pre-modern origins.
Hinduism A religion of many people in India and Nepal.
Yoga A hindu spiritual and ascetic discipline. Includes breathing control,simple meditation,and the adoption of specific bodily positions. Widely practiced for health and relaxation.
Reincarnation The rebirth of a soul in a new body.
Karma The sum of a person's actions in this and previous states of existence, decides their fate in future existence.
Dharma A key concept with multiple meanings in the Indian religions Hinduism, Buddhism, Sikhism and Jainism.
Buddhism Largely based on teachings attributed to Gautama Buddha, commonly known as the Buddha.
Siddhartha Gautama A sage on whose teachings Buddhism was founded.
Nirvana The ideal state where the spirit is liberated from the cycles of death and life.
Noble Truths They are the truth of suffering, the truth of the cause of suffering, the truth of the end of suffering, and the truth of the path that leads to the end of suffering.
Eightfold path Used to develop insight into the true nature of phenomena (or reality) and to eradicate greed, hatred, and delusion.
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