CH.3 India, Hinduism & Buddhism

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Himalaya Mts. 74aee8f8-8320-4d8f-bda5-6ac8f1bf112a.png (image/png) a mountain range in South Asia and East Asia
Monsoon a seasonal change in the direction of the prevailing, or strongest, winds of a region.
Harappa 20557856-53a3-40c5-b865-6dcb3f44fb07.jpg (image/jpg) name of city in Ancient India where an advanced civilization existed for hundreds of years. called
Aryans a group that moved south across the Hindu Kush mountain range into the plains of northern India.
Sanskrit bac90d85-c259-43b2-9c5e-8992c1e20a93.gif (image/gif) an Indo-European language
Varnas social groups that ranked people from high to low
Caste system bf5086d6-c4c7-4217-8fc8-e1f650b8fba0.jpg (image/jpg) a class structure that is determined by birth.
Hinduism a major religious and cultural tradition of South Asia, developed from Vedic religion
Yoga 49473d27-5581-4c38-975b-07c5b1cd92ce.jpg (image/jpg) a method of training designed to lead to such union
Reincarnation 9fa45e5d-ee9c-445e-889e-3c9925589da1.jpg (image/jpg) is the belief that the individual soul is reborn in a different form after death
Karma the force generated by a person's actions that determines how the person will be reborn in the next life
Dharma the divine law
Buddhism 5659cb1f-3ee7-4d56-a300-6106cdb9f990.jpg (image/jpg) in the sixteen century B.C a new doctrine, call Buddhism, appeared in northern India and soon became a rival of Hinduism
Siddhartha Guatama was the founder of Buddhism, known as the Buddha, or " Enlightened One."
Nirvana a place or perfect peace and happiness, like heaven
4 noble truth 4438ed20-b819-4449-abf1-678e7368fd52.jpg (image/jpg) comprise the essence of Buddha's teaching though they leave much left explained.
Eightfold path the path to nirvana, comprising eight aspects in which an aspirant must become practiced
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