ch.3 india,hinduism, and buddhism

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Himalaya mts the, a mountain range extending about 1500 miles (2400 km) along the border between India and Tibet. Highest peak, Mt. Everest, 29,028 feet
monsoon a seasonal prevailing wind in the region of South and Southeast Asia, blowing from the southwest between May and September and bringing rain (the wet monsoon ), or from the northeast between October and April
Harappa Village in Pakistan
aryans relating to or denoting a people speaking an Indo-European language who invaded northern India in the 2nd millennium BC, displacing the Dravidian and other aboriginal peoples.
sanskrit an ancient Indic language of India, in which the Hindu scriptures and classical Indian epic poems are written and from which many northern Indian languages are derived.
varnas each of the four Hindu castes, Brahman, Kshatriya, Vaishya, and Shudra.
Castle system A caste system is a class structure that is determined by birth. Loosely, it means that in some societies, if your parents are poor, you're going to be poor, too. Same goes for being rich, if you're a glass-half-full person.
Hinduism a major religious and cultural tradition of South Asia, developed from Vedic religion.
yoga a Hindu spiritual and ascetic discipline, a part of which, including breath control, simple meditation, and the adoption of specific bodily postures, is widely practiced for health and relaxation.
Reincarnation the rebirth of a soul in a new body.
Karma the sum of a person's actions in this and previous states of existence, viewed as deciding their fate in future existences.
dharma the principle of cosmic order.
Buddhism is a nontheistic religion or philosophy that encompasses a variety of traditions, beliefs and spiritual practices largely based on teachings attributed to Gautama Buddha, commonly known as the Buddha
Siddhartha an epithet of Buddha meaning “he who has attained his goal.”.
Nirvana Pali nibbana. Buddhism. freedom from the endless cycle of personal reincarnations, with their consequent suffering, as a result of the extinction of individual passion, hatred, and delusion: attained by the Arhat as his goal but postponed by the Bodhisattva.
4 noble truths plural noun. the doctrines of Buddha: all life is suffering, the cause of suffering is ignorant desire, this desire can be destroyed, the means to this is the Eightfold Path. Contemporary definitions for Four Noble Truths Expand.
eightfold path the path to nirvana, comprising eight aspects in which an aspirant must become practiced: right views, intention, speech, action, livelihood, effort, mindfulness, and concentration.
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