World War 1

Flashcards by hlmalcolm, updated more than 1 year ago
Created by hlmalcolm over 5 years ago


Terms having to do with the first World War

Resource summary

Question Answer
Militarism The belief that a government or a country and it's people should maintain a strong military capability
Alliances A union or association formed for mutual benefit. EX: The United States is in a(n) ___________ with many European countries like Poland and France
Imperialism Extending a country's power and influence through diplomacy or military force
Nationalism The strong belief that said country is of utmost importance
U-Boats A German submarine used in WW1 and WW2
Lusitania A British ship sunk by a German U-Boat. This ship was carrying US citizens, therefore this was a main reason we got involved in WWI.
Zimmerman Telegram A communication issued from a German office in January of 1917 that proposed an alliance of Mexico and Germany should the United States enter the War against Germany.
Harlem Hellfighters An infantry unit in WWI that consisted of African Americans who spent more time in the war than any other unit.
League of Nations Organization that consisted of many governments. Founded on 10 January 1920. Formed as a peace conference in Paris that ended the first World War.
Treaty of Versailles One of the main treaties that ended the first World War.
Central Powers A "quadruple alliance" that consisted of Germany, Austria-Hungary, the Ottoman Empire, and Bulgaria.
Jeanette Rankin First woman to be in Congress, and voted against the United States entering WWI.
Triple Entente The alliance of Britain, France, and Russia before WWI.
Russian Revolution This removed Russia from the war and brought about the transformation of the Russian Empire into the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, basically transferring Russia from monarch rule to a communist country.
Espionage and Sedition Acts These two acts prohibited interference in foreign relations or foreign commerce of the United States. One of these acts just extended the terms of the first.
Archduke Franz Ferdinand The assassination of him is what put the first World War into motion.
Kaiser Wilhelm II The last German emperor and ruler of Prussia from 1888 - 1918
Selective Service Acts These were mandatory forms for enlistment to build a better militia in the case of war.
General John J. Pershing US Army General who commanded the American Expeditionary Force in Europe during WWI
American Expeditionary Force This military force consisted of the United States Armed Forces that were sent to Europe under the command of General John J. Pershing
Armistice The agreement to end all war efforts between the Allies and Germany
Big Four The alliance that consisted of United States, Britain, Italy, and France
Fourteen Points A blueprint for world peace negotiations after WWI
Self-Determination The right of a people or a nation to decide on its own political allegiance or form of government without external influence.
Henry Cabot Lodge As a chairman of the Senate of Foreign Relations Committee, this man led a fight against American participation in the League of Nations.
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