The Cold War Quiz

Niat Habtemariam
Quiz by , created over 4 years ago

High School Diploma Social Studies Quiz on The Cold War Quiz, created by Niat Habtemariam on 11/12/2014.

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Niat Habtemariam
Created by Niat Habtemariam over 4 years ago
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Question 1

Question
The Cold War was referred to as "cold" because
Answer
  • it was fought in frigid climates
  • it was so bloody that it left the participants cold
  • it was not fought with battles so much as it was a disagreement different forms of government
  • it was fought before global warming started

Question 2

Question
The two main combatants in the Cold War were
Answer
  • the United States and the Soviet Union
  • the United States and Germany
  • China and Cuba
  • Russia and Great Britain

Question 3

Question
Two conflicts the U.S. fought mainly as a result of the Cold War were
Answer
  • Grenada and Panama
  • Iraq and Afghanistan
  • Korea and Vietnam
  • World War II and the Gulf War

Question 4

Question
During the height of the Cold War, Senator Joseph McCarthy was famous for
Answer
  • being a Russian spy
  • campaigning for civil rights
  • alleging that communists had infiltrated the U.S. government
  • being the lone senator to vote against entry into World War II

Question 5

Question
Two competing organizations during the Cold War wer
Answer
  • NATO and the Warsaw Pact
  • the UN and the League of Nations
  • NATO and the World Bank
  • OPEC and the Red Cross

Question 6

Question
Which of the following terms is associated with the "Space Race", a sort of Cold War competition between the U.S. and the Soviet Union?
Answer
  • Berlin Wall
  • containment
  • Sputnik
  • 38th parallel

Question 7

Question
The island country in which a "missile crisis" took place was
Answer
  • Cuba
  • Japan
  • Australia
  • Iceland

Question 8

Question
Mao Zedong was the communist leader of what country during the Cold War?
Answer
  • South Korea
  • Cambodia
  • India
  • China

Question 9

Question
One leader of the Soviet Union during the Cold War was
Answer
  • Lenin
  • Khrushchev
  • Putin
  • Pasternak

Question 10

Question
The Cold War ended in the early 1990's with which two events?
Answer
  • The AIDS crisis and the end of Apartheid in South Africa
  • The deaths of Fidel Castro and John F. Kennedy
  • The fall of the Berlin Wall and the breakup of the Soviet Union
  • The Iran Contra Affair and the SALT talks

Question 11

Question
In 1948, the United States began shipping fuel, food and other supplies to West Berlin by air after Soviet forces shut down the ability to access it by road. This airlift lasted until 1949, and was an example of the United States' attempt to control the spheres of influence between the United States and the Soviet Union. This reflects the policy known as:
Answer
  • The Cold War
  • The Domino Theory
  • Communism
  • Containment

Question 12

Question
When an armistice was signed ending the Korean War,
Answer
  • North and South Korea were still divided along the 38th parallel.
  • a communist government was established in South Korea
  • communist fears in the United States were lifted
  • China gained control of the entire penninsula

Question 13

Question
Technology developed rapidly in the 1950's, especially with regard to fears over perceived Soviet superiorities
Answer
  • the "Space Race"
  • the Korean War
  • the Cuban Missile Crisis
  • the Bay of Pigs invasion

Question 14

Question
Which statement about the Marshall Plan is most accurate?
Answer
  • It was used to finance rearmament after World War II
  • It was denied to all former World War II enemies.
  • It was used to rebuild European Nations after World War II.
  • It was given to Asian and African allies during the Cold War.

Question 15

Question
Which country would have most likely been a part of N.A.T.O. during the cold war?
Answer
  • China
  • Japan
  • Great Britain
  • The Soviet Union

Question 16

Question
Which of the following best explains why the United States sent military aid to South Vietnam in the 1950s?
Answer
  • to negotiate a settlement to unify Vietnam
  • to convince South Vietnam to abandon Communism
  • to join the war against the Viet Cong
  • to help South Vietnam without committing US troops to a war

Question 17

Question
If a man was drafted between 1965 and 1973, it meant that
Answer
  • he had to leave the military.
  • he was given a deferment.
  • he had to serve in the military.
  • he was required to go to college.

Question 18

Question
Which nations provided military aid to North Vietnam during the Vietnam War?
Answer
  • China and France
  • the United States and France
  • the Soviet Union and the United States
  • China and the Soviet Union

Question 19

Question
Which of the following best describes the Americans who served as infantry soldiers in Vietnam?
Answer
  • Most were young, working-class draftees.
  • Most were young, working-class volunteers.
  • Most were volunteers in their late twenties.
  • Most were drafted while attending college.

Question 20

Question
In the 1960s, Bob Dylan
Answer
  • composed influential counterculture music.
  • was a student protester at the University of California at Berkeley.
  • wrote the book Slaughterhouse-Five.
  • co-founded the Students for a Democratic Society.

Question 21

Question
What event led to the 1964 Gulf of Tonkin Resolution?
Answer
  • the sinking of a US cruise ship with heavy casualties in the Gulf of Tonkin
  • the capture of a US Navy ship and its personnel by the North Vietnamese
  • an alleged attack on two US Navy ships by North Vietnamese torpedo boats
  • an alleged attack on two French ships by North Vietnamese torpedo boats

Question 22

Question
The American counterculture that emerged in the mid-1960s was marked by
Answer
  • respect for traditional authority.
  • a desire to own property.
  • support of the Vietnam War.
  • opposition to traditional values.

Question 23

Question
Which of the following describes the importance of the University of Michigan to the 1960s antiwar movement?
Answer
  • The Gulf of Tonkin Resolution was passed there.
  • It was the location of a three-day counterculture music festival.
  • It was where the Students for a Democratic Society was established.
  • Students from that university wrote Catch-22.

Question 24

Question
Which of the following is an example of an act of civil disobedience?
Answer
  • performing a protest song
  • burning a draft card in public
  • declaring opposition to a war
  • declaring support for a war

Question 25

Question
Select the reasons why American sentiment turned against the war in Vietnam over the course of the 1960s.
Answer
  • The United States faced a clear threat from a clear enemy.
  • More and more Americans were killed in Vietnam.
  • The enemy in Vietnam was unclear.
  • The draft disproportionately targeted low-income men.
  • All citizens were equally chosen to take part in the draft.

Question 26

Question
Which of the following statements about the American soldiers who served in Vietnam is correct?
Answer
  • Most Americans serving in Vietnam were drafted.
  • Most of the soldiers came from working-class backgrounds.
  • A high percentage of college students was drafted.
  • The average age of the soldiers was twenty-one.

Question 27

Question
In 1965, President Johnson immediately used the authority of the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution to
Answer
  • withdraw all US troops from North Vietnam.
  • commit half a million troops to fight in Vietnam.
  • begin sustained bombing of North Vietnam.
  • begin sustained bombing of South Vietnam.

Question 28

Question
Which legislation limited the powers of the president to commit troops to war?
Answer
  • the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution
  • the 26th Amendment
  • the end of the draft
  • the War Powers Resolution

Question 29

Question
Which of the following were effects of the Vietnam War? Check all the boxes that apply.
Answer
  • More than 50,000 Americans were killed.
  • Economic problems developed in the 1970s.
  • US expenditures totaled $120 billion to $140 billion.

Question 30

Question
Which event marked the end of the Vietnam War?
Answer
  • Communist forces returned American POWs.
  • US troops withdrew from Vietnam.
  • South Vietnam surrendered after Saigon fell.
  • The United States reduced its involvement in Vietnam.

Question 31

Question
To what were Kent State students reacting by staging their 1970 antiwar protest?
Answer
  • the bombing of Cambodia
  • Vietnamization
  • withdrawal of US troops from Vietnam
  • the use of the National Guard in the war

Question 32

Question
What is Vietnamization?
Answer
  • Nixon’s plan for exiting Vietnam
  • Nixon’s plan for stopping protestors
  • Nixon’s plan for escalating the war

Question 33

Question
Why did many people find Nixon an appealing candidate?
Answer
  • He was supported by blue-collar workers in the South.
  • Prowar citizens liked his stance on US involvement in Vietnam.
  • People bothered by the violence of 1968 liked his promise to restore order.