Ch.18 French Revolution

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World history ch.18

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estates Three status groups.
First estate Clergy, 130,000 out of 27 million. The higher clergy- cardinals,bishops,and heads of monasteries.
Second estate Nobility, about 350,000 and owned 25 to 30 percent of land.
Third estate divided by vast differences in occupation,level of education, and wealth. Peasants made up to 75 to 80 percent of population and 30 to 40 percent of the land.
Taille A direct tax
Bourgeoisie Middle class
Louis XVI King of France in 1789 he summoned the Estates-General to undertake fiscal reforms, an event that eventually led to the French Revolution. Louis was convicted of treason by the revolutionary government and executed in 1793.
Queen Marie Antoinette Wife of Louis XVI, executed in the french revolution
Tennis Court Oath They moved a meeting to a nearby indoor tennis court and swore that they would continue meeting until they had a new constitution
Declaration of Rights of Man and the Citizen A character of basic liberties began with "the natural and imprescriptible rights of man" to "liberty, property, security, and resistance to oppression."
Maximilien Robespierre Maximilien Robespierre, the architect of the French Revolution’s Reign of Terror, is overthrown and arrested by the National Convention. As the leading member of the Committee of Public Safety from 1793, Robespierre encouraged the execution, mostly by guillotine, of more than 17,000 enemies of the Revolution. The day after his arrest, Robespierre and 21 of his followers were guillotined before a cheering mob in the Place de la Revolution in Paris.
Reign of Terror With civil war spreading from the Vendée and hostile armies surrounding France on all sides, the Revolutionary government decided to make “Terror” the order of the day and to take harsh measures against those suspected of being enemies of the Revolution.
Coup d'etat A sudden overthrow of the government
Napoleon Bonaparte He brought the french revolution to an end when he came into power in 1799
Versailles a city in and the capital of Yvelines, in N France
Storming of the bastille On 14 July 1789, a state prison on the east side of Paris, known as the Bastille, was attacked by an angry and aggressive mob.
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