C1 GCSE Hydrocarbons

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charlotteeedx
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Hydrocarbons -Contain hydrogen and carbon only -Carbon atoms can make 4 bonds each -Hydrogen atoms can make one bond each
Alkanes -Single covalent bonds only - The name of an alkane always ends in --ane e.g - methANE
Alkenes -one carbon=carbon double bond -A double bond contains 2 pairs of shared electrons -Always ends in --ene e.g - ethENE -They react with bromine water (orange) and decolourizes it (colourless)
Saturated and Unsaturated Hydrocarbons Alkanes are saturated They have the maximum number of hydrogens per carbon atom Alkenes are unsaturated because each carbon atom doesn't have the max. hydrogen atoms attached to each carbon atom.
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