World War 1

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Flashcards by avrankin, updated more than 1 year ago
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world war 1 words

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Militarism the belief or desire of a government or people that a country should maintain a strong military capability and be prepared to use it aggressively to defend or promote national interests.
Alliances system one of the main causes of World War One
Triple Entente vs. Triple Alliance an informal understanding among Great Britain, France, and Russia based on a Franco-Russian military alliance (1894), an Anglo-French entente (1904), and an Anglo-Russian entente (1907). It was considered a counterbalance to the Triple Alliance but was terminated when the Bolsheviks came into control in Russia in 1917
Nationalism The strong belief that the interests of a particular nation-state are of primary importance
Imperialism a policy of extending a country's power and influence through diplomacy or military force.
Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand On June 28, 1914, a teenage Serbian nationalist gunned down Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife, Sophie, as their motorcade maneuvered through the streets of Sarajevo. Next in line for the Austro-Hungarian throne, Ferdinand had not been particularly well liked in aristocratic circles
Gavrilo Princip The man who started ww1
Allied Powers vs. Central Powers Allied Powers, also called Allies, those nations allied in opposition to the Central Powers (Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Turkey) in World War I or to the Axis Powers (Germany, Italy, and Japan) in World War II.
Trench warfare a type of combat in which opposing troops fight from trenches facing each other
Western Front the name applied to the fighting zone in France and Flanders, where the British, French, Belgian and (towards the end of the war) the American armies faced that of Germany.
No Man’s Land disputed ground between the front lines or trenches of two opposing armies.
Battle of the Marne two battles of World War I around the River Marne in north-east France.
War of attrition military strategy in which a belligerent attempts to win a war by wearing down the enemy to the point of collapse through continuous losses in personnel and materiel.
Total War a war that is unrestricted in terms of the weapons used, the territory or combatants involved, or the objectives pursued, especially one in which the laws of war are disregarded.
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