Theology Chapters 7+8

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Theology Test 12/16/13

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What must we keep in mind when reading the bible? 1.Read it within the traditions and teachings of the church, remember the church existed before the NT and the bible was approved through experience of the church. 2.We have to know what the human authors meant in the original context. 3.Know the history, conditions and culture of the time. 4. Read the content as a whole, receive the overall message that is given. No one passage can contradict the whole message. 5.Read it to gain spiritual wisdom.
Why can't we interpret the bible alone? 1. The bible was written in different languages so knowledge of the original language is important. 2.The bible was written a long time ago in a very different society and culture. 3.It reflects the spiritual wisdom of our forefathers in faith.
What does the magisterium mean? teacher
what is the magisterium? the official teaching authority of the church, the final authority on divine inspiration. Uses tradition and bible to make decisions.
What is the deposit of faith? The heritage of faith handed on to the church from the apostles
What is the magisterium's role in the deposit of faith? They must faithfully interpret and teach it.
Who is the successor of St. Peter? The popes
Who are the successors to the apostles? The bishops
What is the magisterium comprised of? The pope and the bishops in union with him.
When is the pope infallible? When he officially teaches on matters of faith (doctrines) and morals.
Who was the first pope? Peter
What does Jesus give Peter? The keys to heaven
What does Peter represent? He represents Christ in a way and a sense of authority in the church.
What are the additional names for the Pope? The Successor of Peter, The Bishop of Rome, The Victor of Christ, The Servant of the Servants of God.
What is a literary genre? A style or way of writing.
Why must we know the literary genre when reading the bible? So we can correctly interpret God's word because there are many genres in the bible.
What is the exogesis? A process used by biblical scholars to discover the meaning of a biblical text.
What are some examples of genres in the bible? allegory, biography, creed, etiology, history, law, prophecy, geneology, hyperbole, parables, proverb.
What is an etiology? Traces the origins of a current practice.
What is a parable? A short, true to life story that teaches a lesson.
What is a proverb? A wise saying.
What is a simile? A form of comparison using "like" or "as"
What is a metaphor? A form of comparison where one thing is said to be another.
What was God challenging Jonah to do by sending him to Ninevah? He was challenging him to forgive and not be prejudiced.
Who is King David? The second King of Israel
What are the spiritual senses in the bible? allegorical, moral/spiritual, and eternal/anagogical.
what is the allegorical sense in the bible? When the story or detail stands for something in the life of Christ or the church
What is the moral/spiritual sense of the bible? When the spiritual meaning suggests that things are ought to be done.
What is the eternal/anagogical sense in the bible? When an event is a sign of something eternal.
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