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Psychology (Memory) Flashcards on Memory, created by bingy1026 on 12/04/2013.

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bingy1026
Created by bingy1026 almost 6 years ago
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Question Answer
Retrieval(output) Finding encoded information that we have stored in our brains.
Retroactive interference When new learning interferes with previously stored and processed material.
Schemas An internalized mental representation that contains all the information that a person has about an object or event.
Semantic processing Processing things in relation to what they mean.
Sensory buffer It picks up information that is attended to and sends it to short term memory. (Atkinson and Shiffrin) (1972)
Short term memory A temporary place for storing information.
Storage Where we keep information.
Structural processing Processing things in relation to the way they look.
Brain Damage Deterioration of brain structures.
Cue dependency To retrieve memory's there must be a a specific similarity to the time the memory was formed. (State and Context)
Decay Fading of information in long term memory.
Displacement Loss of short term memory. (First in, first out)
Duration The amount of time material lasts for in different stores of memory.
Encoding(input) Taking in information through our senses.
Hierarchies Outlining information in a structured way.
Hippocampus A region of the brain linked to memory processing and storage.
Imagery A memory technique that encodes information as pictures.
Long term memory A permanent store with unlimited capacity and duration. (Episodic, Semantic and Procedural)
Method of loci A memory technique of associating items to be learned with physical locations.
Mind maps Diagrams that use organisation and imagery to encode information and retrieve it more easily.
Organisation A memory technique that encodes information in a certain way.
Phonemic processing Processing things in relation to how they sound.
Proactive interference When new information is forgotten due to old information interfering.
Rehersal Repetition of information in short term memory resulting in long term memory.