Chapter 1: Henry VII and threats to his rule

Karima Ranieri
Flashcards by Karima Ranieri, updated more than 1 year ago
Karima Ranieri
Created by Karima Ranieri almost 4 years ago
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A level History (Tudors) Flashcards on Chapter 1: Henry VII and threats to his rule, created by Karima Ranieri on 03/01/2016.

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Question Answer
How was Henry's claim to the throne weak? - Usurper - Yorkist challenge - 14 years in exile - Largely unknown - Lack of knowledge of the country - Other strong claims to the throne: Richard, Earl of Warwick and John de la Pole, Earl of Lincoln.
Three initial steps he took to secure his throne? 1. Dated his reign from before Bosworth. 2. Arranged his coronation of the 30 October, before parliament met. 3. Married Elizabeth of York in January 1486.
What happened when Henry embarked on a royal progress towards the north? - He faced a rebellion, a year after seizing the throne. - North = strong Yorkist support. - The rebellion in the Midlands and north involved Lord Lovell and the Stafford brothers. - Henry heard of the plot and sent a force. - Rebels dispersed. - Wales = Herberts and Vaughans. - Rebellion put down by Rhys ap Thomas. - Neither rebellion prevented the royal progress. - Instead, Henry won loyalty and obedience.
Yorkshire Rebellion What was it and what happened? - Tax rebellion in 1489 - Henry needed to raise money to aid Brittany in its struggle against France. - Parliament granted Henry a subsidy of £100,000 but little was raised. - Regionalism - Henry: refusal to negotiate. - Earl of Northumberland - murdered - Weak royal authority - Earl of Surrey - Rising crushed but money not collected.
Cornish Rebellion what was it and what happened? - Tax rebellion - 1497 - Henry needed money for the threat from Scotland (James IV and Perkin Warbeck) - Rebels assembled at Bodmin, May 1497 - Rebellion attracted 15,000 supporters. - One noble, Lord Audley, joined. - Numbers declined as rebels reached London. - Rebellion against evil counsellors rather than the king. - Henry assembled 25,000 men. - Crushed the rebel force at Blackheath in June 1497.
Simnel rebellion What happened, was it a serious threat? - Lambert Simnel = 'Earl of Warwick' - Pretender - 1486 - Henry realised: 1487 - Support from: Oxford, Ireland (crowned Edward VI) and Margaret of Burgundy (who sent a force of 2000 mercenaries) and John de la pole who joined the rebels. - Henry paraded real Earl of Warwick. - Rebels marched south. - 8000 men - Stoke June 1487. - Victory took 3 hours.
Warbeck rising Why did it last so long? How was it a serious threat? - Pretender 1491-98 - Warbeck = Richard, Duke of York - Henry could not parade Richard as he was already dead. - Support from: French court (100 Yorkist supporters), Flanders (Margaret of Burgundy), Holy Roman Emperor (recognised him as Richard IV) - Henry's response: Henry signed Treaty of Etaples which forced Warbeck to move to Flanders. Henry broke off lucrative cloth trade with Burgundy. Passed a series of attainders against those implicated in the plot at home (e.g. William Stanley) - Warbeck fled to Ireland: lack of support - Warbeck welcomed in Scotland. (Married to James IV's cousin) James also provided 1500 troops to invade northern countries of England. - Lack of support in northern England = Warbeck fleeing back to Scotland. - James abandoned him (marriage alliance with Henry VII) - November 1497 = Warbeck gives himself up. - 1498 = Warbeck tries to run away - Executed with the earl of Warwick.
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