Elizabeth, James + Charles

Katie Mortley
Flashcards by Katie Mortley, updated more than 1 year ago
Katie Mortley
Created by Katie Mortley about 8 years ago
139
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History (Miss Paul) Flashcards on Elizabeth, James + Charles, created by Katie Mortley on 04/17/2013.

Resource summary

Question Answer
Union With Scotland 1604-1607 -James thought they should be united because of 1 ruler -HoC disagreed as they saw Scotland as a lesser country -The issue dragged on until 1607 when it was blocked
Gunpowder Plot 1605 -Catholics disappointed recusancy fines were not removed -Plot was discovered and plotters arrested -Most Catholics were appalled by the plot and were still loyal to the king -James was unwilling to be too harsh but the country did not agree -shows James was unwilling and not easily persuaded
Expenditure on foreign wars 1600 -expenditure on foreign and domestic affairs to be £459,840 -Queens income £374000 -Shortfall of £86,000 -England was in debt -shows War against Spain etc was not financially handled well
Monopolies Crisis 1601 -bill introduced which gained support -infringed queens prerogative but it was refused to be dropped until monopolies bill was dealt with -proclamation from cecil saying monopolies would be revoked -Golden Speech was success -Showed she handled it well publically -shows lack of control
Arrangements for succession of James VI 1603 -Robert Cecil secretly been in correspondence with James since 1601 -this was against the Queens orders -shows lack of control -those she trusted went behind her back
Treaty of London 1604 -James had little sympathy for Dutch rebels -He saw them as challenging royal authority -He abandoned them and signed the treaty -This was good for trade and the economy which Elizabeth left damaged -However parliament relations were still suspicious
Cope's 'Bill and a Book' 1587 -Revolutionary -Some support in commons but Queen and Privy Council stopped it -Shows control over Parliaments decisions -Alienated moderate Puritans -Elizabeth reasserted 'full power, authority jurisdiction and supremacy in church causes... should be united and annexed to the imperial Crown of this Realm'
Subsidy Bill 1593 -Elizabeth asked for subsidies to all but 1/13 sessions -Almost all had passed without problems -(except 1566 and 1571) -Shows mutual trust and control
Oxfordshire Rising 1596 -Example of organised resistance in face of rising prices - 3 men and 1 dog turned up and were arrested and sentenced to death -Shows privy council were worried about unrest
Francis Bacon not promoted 1596 -Essex staked his reputation on getting the job -Essex was unable to create a group of followers loyal to him -this shows Elizabeth was obviously still in control of her appointments
Monopolies Crisis 1597 -Crown reliant on monopolies to fund war -monopolies increased in number and in availability -Parliament raised the issue with Elizabeth however she ignored the problem -Shows she wasn't in control
Treaty of Vervins 1598 -Ended Spanish-French war -Elizabeth left with choice of peace with Spain or continuing war in alliance with the Dutch
Essex Drew his Sword 1598 -During heated debate Elizabeth boxed his ears -He half drew his sword -He was not punished -shows lack of control -shows trust
Corruption Endemic 1599 -Burghley's income £3,301 -Taxed on official income of £133 -Lack of reform shows Elizabeth ignored the tax system -Not in control of courtiers
Irish Rebellion 1595 -Army of 1000 cavalry, 1000 pikemen, 4000 muskateers. -Began giving aid to rebels against English and then attacked and damaged English forces -Elizabeth declared Tyrone a traitor -Indirect rule in Ulster came to an end -Elizabeth had no authority/control
Privy Council had 11 member left 1597 -Key advisors dying off and Elizabeth failed to replace them -Led to dangerous concentration of power -Shows she trusted only a few
Earl of Essex sets of for Ireland 1599 -16,000 men to Ireland, largest force to leave England in Elizabeths reign -Essex decided to make truce (against orders) instead of fight -Essex stormed into Elizabeths chamber while she wasn't dress -He put under house arrest and stripped of titles and sources of income -Shows lack of control and authority -Shows she handled the situation well
Essex Rebellion 1601 -led an uprising of 300 men to capture Elizabeth which failed -he was arrested and executed along with his 5 min supporters -shows control -shows the situation was handled well
Elizabeth limits patronage 1588 -she tried to reduce the amount of patronage given in order to cut her expenditure -created tensions
Spanish Armada try to invade England but fail 1588 -Armada scattered by winds + storms -Shiprwrecked 1/3 Spanish navy -Drowned 15,000 seamen (half) -Tilbury Speech -Wind declared 'protestant wind' showing God was on their side -Propaganda victory
Throckmorton Plot 1583 -Plot to invade using French Catholic forces to liberate Mary and overthrow Elizabeth -Jesuits and seminary priests involved -Throckmorton executed
Treaty of Nonsuch 1585 -Following the assassination of the Dutch rebel leader (William of Orange) -between Dutch rebels and Elizabeth -Elizabeth sends 7,000 troops to support Dutch rebels
War with Spain 1584 -Strain on Economy over the next 19 years -Average tax yield increased from 50,000 per year to £135,000 -Places were devastated (e.g Bristol) -Counties had to gather and arm soldiers endlessly for 19years
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