AP World History

sydneyconnor00
Flashcards by sydneyconnor00, updated more than 1 year ago
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Mr Steinhardt's key terms and event must knows
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Abolition The act of putting an end to something by law (ex: abolition of slavery)
Absolutism Acceptance or belief in absolute principles in political, philosophical, ethical, or theological matters
Agrarian Cultivated land or the cultivation of land
Americanization Process of an immigrant to the US becoming a person who shares American values, beliefs and customs
Anti-Semitism Hostility to or prejudice against Jews
Appeasement Diplomatic policy of making political or material concessions to an enemy power in order to avoid conflict
Arable land Land capable of being ploughed and used to grow crops
Architecture The art and science of designing buildings and some nonbuilding structures
Aristocracy Highest class in certain societies, espically those holding hereditary titles or offices
Artisan Worker in skilled trade, espically one that involves making things by hand
Asian Tigers 4 highly developed economies of Hong Kong, Singapore, South Korea, amd Taiwan. They were the first newly industrialized countries.
Atlantic Circuit Clockwise trade network with Europe, Americas and Africa through the Atlantic ocean. E-> Af: metal, hardware, guns for gold, timber and slaves. Af->Am: slaves
Authoritarian Expecting or requiring people to obey laws or rules; not allowing personal freedom
Bantus Member of any several peoples forming a linguistically and in some respects culturally interrelated family in central and southern Africa
Barbarian Member of a community or tribe not belonging to one of the great civilizations (Greek, Roman, Christian); an uncultured or brutish person
Berlin Conference Conference that regulated European colonization and trade in Africa during New Imperialism period, and coincided w/ Germany's sudden emergence as an imperial power
Beast of Burden aka llamas
Black Death anthrax/bubonic plague; carried by fleas on rats. 1/3 of people in Europe died in just 4 years. blame was placed on the Jews
Blockade sealing off place to prevent goods or people from entering or leaving
Boer War War which Great Britain fought against Transvaal and Orange Free State
Bourgeoisie urban class underneath nobility, usually wealthy merchants
Boxer Rebellion Chinese secret organization, Society of the Righteous and Harmonious Fists, led an uprising in N China against spread of Western + Japanese influence there
British Raj rule of British Crown in Indian subcontinent between 1858 to 1947; also called Crown rule in India or Direct rule in India
Buddhism religion that states life is suffering caused by desire + the suffering ceases when desire ceases. teachings from Buddha (8 fold path)
Bureaucracy system of gov in which most of the important decisions are made by state officials rather than by elected representatives
Byzantine Empire the continuation of Roman Empire in E during late antiquity+M ages, capital city Constantinople
Caliphate an islamic state ruled by caliph (deputy) successor to prophet Muhammad
Capitalism economic + political system where country's trade + industry are controlled by private owners for profit, rather by state (banks, stock exchanges, etc)
Caravan covered horse-drawn wagon
Caravel small, highly maneuverable three-masted ship used by the Portuguese and Spanish in exploration of Atlantic
Caste System class structure determined by birth; poor parents = poor child
Champa Rice quick-maturing rice that can allow two harvests in one growing season; originally introduced into Champia from India
Chinampas raised fields constructed along lake shores in Mesoamerica to increase agricultural yields
Chivalry the system of values (such as loyalty and honor) that knights in the Middle Ages were expected to follow
City-State a city that with its surrounding territory forms an independent state.
Civilization the stage of human social development and organization that is considered most advanced
Classical Age broad term for a long period of cultural history centered on the Mediterranean Sea, interlocking civilizations of ancient Greece and ancient Rome, collectively known as the Greco-Roman world.
Clergy The body of people ordained or recognized by a religious community as ritual or spiritual leaders.
Coercive labor system a system where the workers were forced to work based on threats, pressure, or intimidation
Cold War ideological struggle between communism (Soviet Union) and capitalism (US) for world influence; seem to come to end by dissolve of Soviet Union 1991
Collectivization organization of all of a country's production and industry into government ownership and management
Colonialism policy by which a nation manages a foreign territory and develops its resources for the benefit of the colonial power
Columbian Exchange exchange of plants, animals, diseases, and technologies between Americas and rest of the world following Columbus's voyages
Commerce the activity of buying and selling, espically on a large scale
Communism a political theory derived from Karl Marx, advocating class war and leading to a society in which all property is publicly owned and each person works and is paid according to their abilities and needs.
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