Rocks and Minerals

swimshelbyswim
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Study flashcards for rocks and minerals

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swimshelbyswim
Created by swimshelbyswim over 3 years ago
Rock forming minerals.
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Question Answer
Rocks 9186c8a7-0a5e-4162-a171-36364cd6714d.jpg (image/jpg) the solid mineral material forming part of the surface of the earth and other similar planets, exposed on the surface or underlying the soil or oceans.
Rock Cycle 167b99e5-dd4a-4753-89ef-81ae06756e93.gif (image/gif) The never ending cycle of the formation of rocks
Metamorphic 740503ee-521a-4e38-ac48-d64d7ca57c18.jpg (image/jpg) A type of rock that is formed under heat and pressure
Foliated b175d3f6-09b2-4767-922c-56dc7ff73eb9.jpg (image/jpg) A type of metamorphic rock that has a smooth texture
Gneiss 70fd4b2c-74da-4110-9e98-db9fefca94c3.jpg (image/jpg) A type of foliated metamorphic rock that has lines in it
Schist b5446884-6122-4ce9-a589-c041bc7bd428.jpg (image/jpg) A type of foliated metamorphic rock that is brown and has a smooth surface.
Slate 1de8a332-79a2-453b-a780-f2eaaae30963.jpg (image/jpg) A type of foliated, metamorphic rock that is smooth and black and is a heat and pressure result from shale.
Non- Foliated 501365fb-d79d-4a39-8fa7-6cb00912deae.jpg (image/jpg) A type of metamorphic rock that has a rough surface
Marble 4fea8906-9194-43bb-8e8d-be072b9bc735.jpg (image/jpg) A type of non-foliated metamorphic rock that is creamy white and has wavy lines. The one Mrs. H has has a cross on it.
Sedimentary 3d5d672a-4fde-4b0e-9d00-4e21eb0405a1.jpg (image/jpg) A type of rock that is created by the composition and cementation of sediments
Clastic 3f3f271e-6a1c-4380-b656-7c61218e3850.gif (image/gif) A type of sedimentary rock where the rocks are organic bits of minerals and glued together
Sandstone 4080ec7b-34b9-4cf5-8892-67ffe5ee98a9.jpg (image/jpg) A type of clastic sedimentary rock that is reddish orange with lines through it.
Chemical 67d49f83-8cf9-4599-9f71-73cc6669639e.jpg (image/jpg) A type of sedimentary rock that is formed when dissolved substance separate from the solution.
Organic 5c0da96b-f991-4a16-942e-a57f96f542f4.jpg (image/jpg) A type of sedimentary rock that contains traces of living organisms
Coquina 464d1f96-ece2-4723-8899-32d097dcdcae.jpg (image/jpg) A type of organic sedimentary rock that contains sand and bits of shells in it.
Shale a7efa760-c0ec-464e-9fc1-3776bdb7cd7a.jpg (image/jpg) A type of organic sedimentary rock that contains the remains of organisms in it and has grey imprints on it.
Coal c94b9c59-f52b-41d2-b507-e2a2ed25d5a0.jpg (image/jpg) A type of organic sedimentary rock that is black and was once plant matter during the Jurassic age
Petrified Wood 3168eca2-a6bb-4d75-ad82-71f243627002.jpg (image/jpg) A type of organic sedimentary rock that looks like wood, but is stone like after several years.
Igneous d0459c5c-e764-4b7d-b2ad-465d36394397.jpg (image/jpg) A type of rock that is formed from the cooling of magma and has two types, extrusive and intrusive.
Extrusive c8ae041a-008d-4d43-93de-8b5102db5478.png (image/png) A type of igneous rock that is formed by magma cooling very quickly
Obsidian bdd060d4-1be6-4c4a-be5d-36e21bfff23d.jpg (image/jpg) A type of extrusive igneous rock that is black, has a glossy texture, and has ZERO crystals as a result of cooling too quickly.
Tiger Obsidian b635d801-c0ba-4841-a188-9ebc4f24f39b.jpg (image/jpg) A type of obsidian that is extrusive igneous and has red marks drawn through it like a tiger.
Snowflake Obsidian af2595e6-aaeb-43cd-95f1-a01c6051a0c9.jpg (image/jpg) A type of obsidian that is extrusive igneous that has white marks all over it.
Pumice 5b348dc2-5528-4de1-a1da-315dcfc630bb.jpg (image/jpg) A type of extrusive igneous rock that has holes all in it and is the only rock known to float on water and is used to rub dead skin off feet.
Scoria b7285241-4ed0-4362-96cb-123ffb1d0064.jpg (image/jpg) A type of extrusive igneous rock that
Geode 460fac09-3644-40ec-a5f7-f99cb476ff3d.jpg (image/jpg) A type of chemical sedimentary rock that is ugly on the outside but has a beautiful inside composed of crystals. Much like the ugly duckling.
Basalt 46f12d3e-8142-4bc4-9534-8e908f4286a5.jpg (image/jpg) A type of extrusive igneous rock that is hole filled (vesicular) and black. It is formed at the bottom of the ocean.
Intrusive 532dad51-b99f-48f6-a876-e0e92788bafd.jpg (image/jpg) A type of igneous rock that is formed very slowly and has crystals
Granite a92c683d-4edf-4645-a391-74ef12fa1e13.jpg (image/jpg) A type of intrusive igneous rock that has a phorphyritic texture with different sized crystals.
Minerals 08cb6214-dfd6-48f5-bd91-05adb8857f00.jpg (image/jpg) Naturally occurring inorganic solid with an orderly crystalline structure and a definite chemical composition
Silicates Most common mineral group on Earth that has a silicon- oxygen combine to form a structure called silicon- oxygen tetrahedron.
Mica 343426f7-9a50-4b34-8f54-59ff4ea1ba11.jpg (image/jpg) A silicate mineral that gas two types, biotite and muscovite and has fracture.
Biotite 105a6c56-49ac-4160-af86-4c4a048cecf0.jpg (image/jpg) A type of silicate mica mineral that is black
Muscovite 4d1f3b59-7780-4782-85b8-19aff75ef7f9.jpg (image/jpg) A type of silicate mica mineral that is brownish- white
Quartz f3ec17f6-53d4-4109-b280-4ce1717f2129.jpg (image/jpg) A type of silicate mineral that has crystals and is white
Rose Quartz 8cdff855-0e39-42e8-8c20-9454e4925663.jpg (image/jpg) A type of quartz silicate mineral that is pink
Asbestos 1d56ae28-ddcb-4ee6-81ec-868ebfa2bb1f.jpg (image/jpg) A type of silicate mineral that is white and has whisps on it
Talc e6ccb534-2d2d-419f-8b65-07b13a7fab19.jpg (image/jpg) A silicate mineral that is the softest on the Moh's hardness scale, is used in baby powder and makeup, and has a greenish hue to it.
Carbonates The second most common group for minerals. It contains carbon, oxygen, and one or more other metallic elements
Dolomite 2e4d61cf-240d-477c-b1a9-49073c18a1c1.jpg (image/jpg) A type of carbonate mineral that has a yellowish color with crystals
Diamond 65108128-e37a-4a5a-a9ad-2172f2721ef8.jpg (image/jpg) A type of carbonate mineral that is a crystal and very valuable. Hint: Your dad may buy your mom this for her birthday
Graphite eb7e6d85-02c1-4a37-85af-2723f0b2f31e.jpg (image/jpg) A type of carbonate mineral that is grey and soapy feeling. You use this to write
Oxides A mineral group that contains oxygen and one or more other metallic elements
Corundum 539aaf7d-53ca-44bb-8228-28cc01320901.jpg (image/jpg) A type of oxide mineral that contains rubies, sapphires.
Hematite 52364caf-bf01-4d73-96f9-31ac75c9056a.jpg (image/jpg) A type of oxide mineral that has Sharp edges on it and is blue
Sulfates/ Sulfides A mineral group that contains sulfur and other elements
Galena 0514261b-84da-442b-b3b8-bc44bca39ced.jpg (image/jpg) A sulfate mineral that is grey and cubic
Pyrite 45e9b652-5339-4db4-97f0-0ee6ff2d143d.jpg (image/jpg) A sulfate mineral that is gold colored and has cube shapes on it.
Halides A mineral group that contains a halogen ion plus one or more other elements. Group 7A on Periodic Table
Halite 6d0c4b94-7ff7-4605-bd18-9a1068e369ac.jpg (image/jpg) A halide mineral that is salt and cubic and white
Native Element A mineral group that exist in pure form.
Gold ac1d4ab2-fde6-48dc-8f09-61293cfe48ab.jpg (image/jpg) A native element mineral that is gold colored and karrotts describes its value.
Silver 75def551-7c32-419c-bdc0-fe30d23ed95f.jpg (image/jpg) A native element mineral that is silver colored and valuable. Ag is its element symbol
Bismuth c898b0af-6c78-4352-8297-59e8f07d19e9.jpg (image/jpg) A native element mineral that can be grey or rainbow colored and has maze like texture
Copper ff6b8a34-0cdf-4fdb-aa31-55dea0fdf2b3.jpeg (image/jpeg) A native element mineral that is grey with brownish on it. Used in pipes.
Sulfur 7f83fe0a-c5c9-432a-b342-014c2fe4e35c.jpeg (image/jpeg) A native element mineral that is yellow, can be in powder form, and needs to be in a container due to its smell