Schlieffen Plan

Tasnim  Quddus
Flashcards by Tasnim Quddus, updated more than 1 year ago
Tasnim  Quddus
Created by Tasnim Quddus about 5 years ago


GCSE History (British Society) Flashcards on Schlieffen Plan, created by Tasnim Quddus on 04/28/2016.

Resource summary

Question Answer
CAUSE OF THE WW1: > Triple entente= Britain allied to France + Russia. > Triple alliance= Germany allied with Austria-Hungary + Italy. > Archduke Ferdinand (Austria-Hungary) assassinated by Serbs= Austria declares war. > Russia agrees to aid Serbia THEN Germany declared war on Russia then France. > Schlieffen Plan.
SCHLIEFFEN PLAN (1914): > Germany's strategy of invading France. > Plan= go through Belgium + invade France. > Germans expected to take control of France within weeks BUT progress through Belgium slower than expected= Belgium= neutral country + Britain stepped in to help them= war.
WHAT HAD ASSUMPTIONS DID THE SCHLIEFFEN PLAN HAVE? > Belgians wouldn't resist + if they did= easily defeated + German army can quickly advance through country. > Russia= min. 6 weeks to mobilise + at 1st Germany would only need to send small force to east. > BEF= arrive too late to stop German advance.
HOW DID THE BEF TRY TO HELP FRANCE + BELGIUM? > BEF sent 4 divisions of troops to France + French Army in field= 70 divisions. > BEF commander= Sir John French. > Aim= stop German invasion of France. > BUT once Germans in France= French fought 3 battles= at Mons, river Marne + Ypres= bought Germans to a halt.
WHY DID THE SCHLIEFFEN PLAN FAIL: ( BELGIAN RESISTANCE ) > Used forts + resisted= slowed down Germans + Belgian resistance gave BEF time to arrive.
WHY DID THE SCHLIEFFEN PLAN FAIL: ( CHANGES TO THE PLAN ) : > German commander Moltke ignored Schlieffens advice= German army should be 6x stronger than any other + proceeded with plan= German armies 10,000 short + weren't too strong. > Original plan= encircle Paris but they moved to the East instead= Battle of Marne.
WHY DID THE SCHLIEFFEN PLAN FAIL: ( THE BEF ) : > Kaiser dismissed BEF as 'contemptible little army'. > BEF= arrived more quickly than Germans expected. > Moltke= transferred troops from Eastern Front to face BEF. > In town of Mons= BEF heavily outnumbered + had to retreat= delayed German advance.
CONSEQUENCE OF BATTLE BETWEEN BEF, FRANCE + GERMANS? > Germans tried outflanking allies by advancing towards sea. > Allies attempted to block them off= 'race to the sea'. > Armies met at Ypres + fought through October + Nov 1914. > Failure of Germans to pierce Allied forces= war quickly became stalemate. > Terrible casualties= 1/2 of BEF wounded + total of 75,000 killed from both sides.
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