Poverty and Living Conditions in the 1890s

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GCSE Britain Flashcards on Poverty and Living Conditions in the 1890s, created by sagar.joban on 04/25/2013.

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Poverty and Living Conditions in the 1890s: Working and Living Conditions Conditions in the new industrial towns were horrendous with epidemics like cholera spreading quickly. Conditions in factories were dangerous and unhealthy. Only help was through the Poor Law of 1834 which was the workhouses (only intended to reduce the effects of poverty, not solve it).
Poverty and Living Conditions in the 1890s: Helping the Unemployed From 1886, local authorities were allowed to provide work for the unemployed and the Unemployed Workmen Act, 1905, allowed them to raise money for this. The elderly got 'outdoor relief' - 30-40% claimed it
Poverty and Living Conditions in the 1890s: Helping the Elderly The elderly got 'outdoor relief' but had to be admitted to workhouses - 30-40% claimed it. Their treatment in the workhouses did improve as the century progressed. Eventually couples weren't split up, they were allowed visitors and given 'luxuries'.
Poverty and Living Conditions in the 1890s: Helping the Young Pauper children had to be admitted to the workhouse with their parents, but were treated kinder. Many Poor Law Unions tried to get them out by getting them to stay with local families. Schooling was also provided.
Poverty and Living Conditions in the 1890s: Charities Charities tried to help the poor by providing 'outdoor relief' but most people relied on family for assistance. By 1905, 700-800 charities were helping the poor.
Poverty and Living Conditions in the 1890s: Attitudes Towards Poverty It was the individual's fault - blamed on laziness and drinking, politicians believed that people were responsible for their own welfare so the only way to get help was to go to the workhouse - harsh to stop them going and charities tried to help.
Poverty and Living Conditions in the 1890s: Problems Facing the Poor Poor housing, low wages, unemployment, illness (but if a worker was ill, they couldn't earn money), irregular work and little help for the elderly, sick and unemployed.
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