Training and Substrate Metabolisum

Flashcards by , created almost 6 years ago

Exercise Metabolism Flashcards on Training and Substrate Metabolisum, created by alexlpeart on 04/30/2013.

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Created by alexlpeart almost 6 years ago
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Question Answer
How soon might we expect to see adaptions to training? Give an example of the early adaptions we might see. 5-7 days post training begins, we see decreased glycogen oxidation and increased GLUT 4
Give some metabolic adaptions we see to anaerobic training. Increased glycolytic enzymes, increased glucose clearance, increased muscle glycogen and increased GLUT 4. There is also evidence that all out repeated sprints can cause increases in muscles oxidative capacity.
For training to have an effect it must include .... Overload
What do we see the most dramatic decrease in when detaining occurs? Aerobic enzyme capacity
Give some examples of metabolic adaptions to endurance training. Increased glycogen stores,increased fat oxidation, increased intramuscular triglycerides, increased mitochondria oxidative capacity.
Give the reasons endurance training can improve glycogen stores. We have increased insulin sensitivity, increased GLUT 4 and increases glycogen synthase activity.
What happens to our fatMAX after training for an absolute work load and a relative workload? fatMAX increases for an absolute workload after training however there is no change for a relative intensity.
Explain why our mitochondria have elevated fat oxidative capacity after training. more mitochondria, mitochondria have increased association with the TG stored in muscles (they are closer to the TGs). We also have increased CPT1 activity.