Alexander II IB

Flashcards by , created over 5 years ago

History (Russia- Alexander II) Flashcards on Alexander II IB, created by yuvalgalshohet on 03/22/2014.

Created by yuvalgalshohet over 5 years ago
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Question Answer
What was the Russian Empire like in 1853 (under Nicolas I)? The Russian Empire comprised much more of Europe and Asia. It was made of frozen northern plains, eastern forests (Siberia) and fertile lands of Ukraine. 75% of people lived in the European areas.
Who were the serfs? Serfs were the peasants of Russia. They had no rights and were slaves of the upper classes and nobility.
Which groups was the army consistent of prior to the reforms? The Serfs, who were forcefully made to join the army.
What were the principles of the Tsarist regime? Autocracy, Orthodoxy and Nationality. This was proposed by Sergei Uvarnov (Minister of Education) in 1833
Who was Nicolas I? He was the Tsar of Russia from 1825-55. He was born in 1729. He was the Third son of Paul I of Russia.
What was the Crimean War? The Turkish Empire stretched from Turkey to the Balkans and the Middle East. As Turkey was withdrawing from these areas, Russia, Britain and France tried to seize the opportunity and take over parts of the Balkans. In 1853 Russia declared war of Turkey and sunk a Turkish fleet leaving Britain and France to teach Russia a lesson. In September 1854 a British-French joint attack against Russia in Crimea broke out with Russia losing in humiliation (1855).
How was the Treaty of Paris important? After Nicolas I's death, his son Alexander II took over, he signed the Treaty of Paris in 1856. The Treaty stated that Russia could not hold fleets in the Black Sea; a severe blow to Russian pride.
Who was Alexander II? Alexander II was the son of Nicolas I. He was born in 1818 and ruled from 1855-1881. He is best known for the Emancipation of the Serfs.
What is a name commonly used to refer to Alexander II? The Liberator. Given for his many reforms
Discuss the process and reasoning for the Emancipation Edict. Refer to notes 'Alexander II Emancipation Edict'