Community Acquired Pneumonia (CAP)

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Flashcards by gina_evans0312, updated more than 1 year ago
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Created by gina_evans0312 about 7 years ago
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Medical Microbiology (Respiratory Tract Infections) Flashcards on Community Acquired Pneumonia (CAP), created by gina_evans0312 on 04/03/2014.

Resource summary

Question Answer
Community Acquired Pneumonia (CAP)- Mortality Usually ass. with higher rates (especially if its serious enough to be hospitalised)
Community Acquired Pneumonia (CAP) - Agent Varies- can be viral or bacterial
Community Acquired Pneumonia (CAP)- Host Immunity 60-90% have risk factors i.e immobalised cilia, so smoking, age, the usual
Community Acquired Pneumonia (CAP)- Most Common Agents S.pneumonia and L.pneumophilia
Community Acquired Pneumonia (CAP)- Symptoms Cough, sputum, dyspnea, fever, fatigue, mialgia
S. pneumonia- Haemolytic Alpha haemolytic bacteria
S. pneumonia- Colonises The nasopharynx (but lung infection requires risk factors)
S. pneumonia (Virulence Factors) - Capsule Variable serotypes (some more invasive than others)
S. pneumonia- Vaccine Availible
S. pneumonia- Sepsis Caused by bact. spreading in the blood
S. pneumonia- Dectection Through sputum (but often contaminated with other bacteria)
S. pneumonia- Optochin Sensivity (Antibiotic) Sensitive
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