Ancient Mesopotamia & Egypt

Harlin Diaz
Flashcards by Harlin Diaz, updated more than 1 year ago
Harlin Diaz
Created by Harlin Diaz over 3 years ago


Ch. 2 "Ancient Mesopotamia & Egypt"

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Mesopotamia 1101b099-aafd-466f-978d-bb3b6de7a1e5.png (image/png) Name means "land between the rivers"; where the first 1st civilizations began; present day Iraq & Syria.
Fertile Crescent The region in the Middle East which curves, like a quarter-moon shape; known as the Cradle of Civilization. 623c7c43-1727-4dd0-b632-793d2b793b42.png (image/png)
Polytheistic (Aka Polytheism) Belief in MANY Gods; Ancient Sumerians believed in over 3,000 Gods.
Ziggurat The massive platform that the Sumerians built their religious temples. 82291088-bbc3-42a3-859e-f31f18ad6b7a.gif (image/gif)
Theocracy Means "Rule by God"; describes a govt. where the ruler is thought to be a God. Ex. "Ancient Egypt"
Cuneiform eb5021dd-9f0c-4410-9b90-47fb95ebf2d7.jpg (image/jpg) 1st writing system developed by the Sumerians; "Wedge-Shaped Writing."
Hammurabi's Law Code (33) 1st written law; given to people of Ancient Babylon by King Hammurabi; very strict laws based on principle of an eye, a tooth for a tooth. 8bb44100-3968-4bd0-af0c-205378207413.jpg (image/jpg)
Partriarchal Describes a society dominated by men.
Nile River The longest river in the world; Egypt is often called "The gift of the Nile River;" Egyptians depended on the Nile for everything. cbc85000-7efd-47f0-b31b-60e639c4d4fe.gif (image/gif)
Inundation The annual flooding of the Nile River. The flood river leave behind rich fertile.
Silt Rich black mud left behind from the flooding of the Nile River.
King Menes (36) King who united Lower & Upper Egypt around 3100 B.C.
Dynasty Means "Great House"; a family of rulers.
Pharaoh Name of Egyptian King
"Ka" Ancient Egyptians thought that when someone died the Ka, or the life force left the physical body; The Ka could drink and eat, but was stuck in the tomb in the body of the mummy or the small statues that were left in the tomb
"Ba" f05c5872-40c2-4e6d-9acd-8565dc263bbd.gif (image/gif) The Ba was the part of the soul that embarked on a journey to follow the gods; the symbol of the Ba is often shown as a bird with a human head and wings;
Mummification It was very important to ancient Egyptians religious belief that the human body was preserved. Their method of preserving the body was called mummification. The process lasted up to 70 days. a79da235-76d3-4d6d-ae4d-9ace455daef0.jpg (image/jpg)
Canopic Jars Containers used to hold the internal organs (lungs, stomach, intestines, liver) of the deceased that was going to be mummified; the jars had lids shaped as the heads of the 4 sons of Horus. 098ded8e-011e-4ea3-919f-2120acc75d36.jpg (image/jpg)
Sarcophagus 4a5aa677-8efe-44d6-9537-816698b807db.jpg (image/jpg) A sarcophagus formed the outer layer of protection for a royal mummy, with several layers of coffins nested within, and was often carved out of alabaster.
King Khufu (aka Cheops (KEE-ops) Earned everlasting fame for being the pharaoh responsible for the Great Pyramid at Giza which he built to serve as his tomb.
The Great Pyramid Largest of the 3 pyramids at Giza; built by King khufu; the only monument of the 7 Wonder of the Ancient World to survive.
King Khufu's Boat Discovered in 1952 buried under the Great Pyramids; It would be needed to ferry King Khufu's spirit across the sky to be with Ra, the sun of god. 8bf58408-a709-4466-89bb-248ee5e9ae9a.jpg (image/jpg)
Great Sphinx One of the largest & oldest statues in the world. Archeologist believed that it was carved around 2500 B.C. and that the head is meant to be the likeness of the Pharaoh Khafra. f576ae55-2980-4bbf-8c7a-df877062a578.jpg (image/jpg)
Hieroglyphics Egyptian picture writing.
The Rosetta Stone A stone with writing on it in two languages (Egyptian & Greek), using three script (Hieroglyphic, demotic & Greek.) 97294807-05a7-43d9-a12a-2fdca1ed733d.gif (image/gif)
Hyksos (40) Invaded Egypt ; and ruled for 200 years; introduced the horse drawn chariot.
Hatshepsut (hat-SHEP-soot) First great woman ruler in history; she ruled Egypt as king not queen. Sculptured & masks show her with a false beard. f99dca5b-ab85-4be0-bed7-fd2af57a1c8d.png (image/png)
Akhenaten (Aka Amenhotep) Rejected the traditional religion in favor of worshiping the Aten, or sun disc, after whom he renamed himself. He closed all the temples to the old gods and obliterated their name from monuments.
King Tut (Tutankhamen) 3069d753-43d8-49d8-ad50-d8d0f98bb677.jpeg (image/jpeg) 17 year old boy pharaoh whose tomb survived untouched by grave robbers; more than 3,000 articles discovered in his tomb.
Ramses II Ramses the Great reigned 67 years; fathered over 100 children; defeated the Hittites, the other superpower of ancient times; he declared himself a living god.
Papyrus Reed like plant that grows on the Nile River Ancient Egyptians used to write on.
Cultural Diffusion T
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Ch. 2 Ancient Mesopotamia & Egypt
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