Advanced Chemistry Unit 6 Solutions Vocab

Ashley Carnesecchi
Flashcards by Ashley Carnesecchi, updated more than 1 year ago
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Unit 6 SOLUTIONS ONLY vocab for advanced chem ~unfinished
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solution mixture of two or more substances; solute and solvent
saturated solution that has dissolved all solute
unsaturated solution that can still dissolve more solvent
supersaturated a solution with more solute dissolved than the maximum amount on the chart
concentration the amount of solute dissolved in an amount of solvent or solution
molarity the number of moles per amount of solute (usually L)
colligative properties properties that depend of the concentration of a solute
boiling point elevation when the boiling point of a solvent is increased when another compound is added, so the solution has a higher boiling point than the pure solvent
freezing point depression when adding a solute to a solvent decreases the freezing point of the solvent
solubility the ability for a solute to dissolve in a solvent
solute a substance dissolved in another substance
solvent the substance in which the solute is dissolved
solution equillibrium the state where both reactants and products are present in concentrations that won't change over time
equilibrium the state where opposing forces or influences are balanced
equilibrium constant the value of the reaction when it has reached equilibrium
equilibrium expression the ratio of the concentrations of the products over the reactants
Le Chatlier's principle can be used to predict the effect of a change in conditions on a chemical equilibrium
dilute to make a liquid thinner or weaker by adding water or another solvent to it
concentrated present in a high proportion relative to other substances
reversible reaction a reaction where the reactants form products, which react together to give the reactants back
dissolving become or cause to become incorporated into a liquid so as to form a solution
crystallization when mass transfer of a solute from the liquid solution to a pure solid crystalline phase occurs
products are species formed from chemical reactions
reactants substances that start a chemical reaction
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