Myopathies

emily_massey
Flashcards by emily_massey, updated more than 1 year ago
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Flash cards covering myopathies and types of exertional and non exertional myopathies.
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Question Answer
Myopathy A disease of the muscle tissue in which the muscle fibres cannot function properly.
Exertional Myopathy A syndrome of muscle fatigue, pain or cramping brought on by exercise.
Non-exertional Myopathy A myopathy caused by other factors, such as genetics.
Local Muscle Strain Damage to the muscle due to exercise, insufficient warm up or training. Commonly found in the gluteal and lumbar muscles. Exertional.
Exertional Rhabdomyolysis Caused by ion imbalances, limited energy, hypothermia or over exertion. Can be inherited but occurence depends on environmental factors. Exertional.
Mitochondrial Myopathy Lack of ATP produced by the mitochondria. Exertional.
Fibrotic Myopathy Mechanical hind limb lameness as a result of trauma, often seen in athletic horses. Extertional
HYPP Hyperkalaemic Periodic Paralysis A genetic disorder where electrolyte balance cannot be controlled, which leads to impaired nerve function. Non-extertional.
SIT Stress Induced Tetany Acute depletion of serum ionised calcium. Decreased absorption from the intestines. Loss of calcium from sweat, kidneys and milk. Non-exertional.
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