Nazi Consolidation on Power 1933-34

Andrew Burke
Flowchart by Andrew Burke, updated more than 1 year ago
Andrew Burke
Created by Andrew Burke over 3 years ago
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Description

The grip on power that Hitler exerted from being appointed Chancellor in 1933 to Furher in 1934 happened quite rapidly. This chart, part of our series on Germany between the wars, looks at each of main steps in order that helped Hitler gain absolute power.

Resource summary

Flowchart nodes

  • 30 January 1933 Hitler is appointed Chancellor and Goering minister for the interior. 
  • 17 February  Goering orders the local police forces to cooperate with both the SA and SS. 
  • 27 February  Reichstag fire, along with the arrest of 4,000 communists and other Nazi opponents. 
  • 28 February  Emergency Decree from Hindenburg: police arrest suspects and hold them without trial, search houses and ban radio stations; Hitler took over regional governments. 
  • 5 March  Reichstag elections; government used radio and the police to intimidate opponents. Nazis won 52% of the vote. 
  • 13 March  Goebbels was appointed head of ministry for propaganda and began to take control of the media. 
  • 24 March  Enabling Act allowed Hitler to pass decrees without the permission of the president, making his dictatorship legal. 
  • 7 April  Civil service administration, education and court purged of Jews and other opponents of the Nazis. 
  • 1 May  Workers were granted a May Day holiday. 
  • 2 May  Trade unions are banned and all workers belonged to the new German Labour Front. 
  • 9 June  Employment Law: this was a major programme of public works (e.g. road building) to create jobs for the unemployed. 
  • 14 July  Laws against the formation of new parties are passed and Germany became a one-party state. 
  • 20 July Concordat with the Roman Catholic Church: the government protects religious freedom but the Church is banned from political activity. 
  • January 1934  All state governments taken over at this point. 
  • 30 June Night of the Long Knives. 
  • August 1934  Hindenburg dies, and Hitler becomes Führer. German armed forces swore oath of loyalty to Hitler.  
  • Nazi Consolidation on Power 1933-34
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