Research Methodology


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Resource summary

Research Methodology
  1. Sources of ideas for an investigation
    1. Research ideas
      1. They can arise at any time or place
        1. It is the first approach to reality to be investigated
          1. These ideas are vague and must be translated into more concrete problems
        2. Instances from which research ideas arise
        3. The process of the investigation
          1. Statement of the quantitative problem
            1. Criterion
              1. Delimit the problem
                1. Relationship between variables
                  1. Ask as a question
                    1. Treat an observable problem
              2. Elements
                1. Research objectives
                  1. They must be clearly expressed to avoid possible deviations; point to what is sought in the investigation
                  2. Research questions
                    1. They orient towards the answers that are sought with the research
                    2. Justification of the investigation
                      1. Indicates why and why of the investigation, it is necessary to justify the study by means of an exposition
                      2. Research feasibility
                        1. Feasibility of conducting a study in terms of available resources. (financial, human and material resources)
                        2. Consequences of the investigation
                          1. Positive or negative repercussions that the study involves in the ethical and aesthetic fields.
                      3. Elaboration of the theoretical framework
                        1. Literature review and construction of a theoretical perspective
                          1. Stages
                            1. The corresponding revision.
                              1. It consists of detecting, consulting and obtaining the bibliography and other useful materials for the purposes of the study.
                                1. Sources
                                  1. Primary
                                    1. They provide first-hand data, since these are documents that contain the results of studies
                                    2. Secondary
                                      1. They are lists, compilations and summaries of references or primary sources published in a particular area of knowledge.
                                      2. Tertiary or general
                                    3. Phases
                                      1. Start of review
                                        1. The review can start directly with the collection of primary sources, a situation that occurs when the researcher knows their location
                                        2. Obtaining
                                          1. They are located in physical and electronic libraries, film libraries, newspaper libraries, video libraries or other places where they are
                                          2. Consultation
                                            1. Select the sources that will be useful for our specific theoretical framework and discard those that do not serve us
                                            2. Extraction and compilation of information of interest
                                              1. The way of compiling is the least important thing, the important thing is that the necessary data and ideas are extracted for the elaboration of the theoretical framework
                                              2. Construction of the theoretical framework
                                            3. Adopting a theory or developing a theoretical or reference perspective.
                                              1. Criterion
                                                1. Ability to describe, explain and predict
                                                  1. A theory must be able to describe, explain and predict the phenomenon (s) to which it refers
                                                  2. Logical consistency
                                                    1. The propositions that comprise it must be interrelated
                                                    2. Perspective
                                                      1. Innovation-inventive
                                                        1. Simplicity
                                                        2. Features
                                                          1. Explain the phenomenon
                                                            1. Predict the phenomenon
                                                              1. Systematize knowledge
                                                        3. It is a written compendium of articles, books, and other documents that describe the past and current state of knowledge about the study problem
                                                          1. Features
                                                            1. Guide the study, Prevent mistakes, Broaden the horizon, Inspire new studies, Provide a frame of reference
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