Malawi - LDC and HIPC Initiative

alice_jade_barlo
Mind Map by , created over 6 years ago

Geography Case Studies Mind Map on Malawi - LDC and HIPC Initiative, created by alice_jade_barlo on 05/27/2013.

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alice_jade_barlo
Created by alice_jade_barlo over 6 years ago
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Malawi - LDC and HIPC Initiative
1 LDC Criteria and Malawi characteristics
1.1 HDI 165/177
1.2 GDP $170/head/yr
1.3 Effected by Drought
1.3.1 Food shortages
1.3.1.1 40% of pop on Emergency food support
1.4 High pop growth 2.6%/yr
1.4.1 High birth rate 5.7/woman
1.5 Dependent economy on export of Agg products
1.6 HIV/AIDS big problem
1.6.1 1 mil HIV+
1.6.2 90,000 deaths/yr
1.6.3 1 mil Orphans
1.7 Life expectancy below 40yrs old
2 Characteristics
2.1 Sub-Saharan Africa
2.2 115people/km2
2.3 13mil people (2007)
2.4 High import costs
2.4.1 All fuel needs to be imported
3 Why so poor?
3.1 Under developed institutes
3.2 Poor physical infrastructure
3.3 Corruption
3.4 Low human capital investment (Lack of provision)
3.5 Difficult climatic conditions
3.6 Few natural resources
3.7 Resticted access for international markets
3.8 Foreign debt of $2.9bil
3.9 Poor Gov management (<2004)
3.9.1 >2004 Gov = spending and borrowing = low inflation
4 Eligable for debt relief (MDRI)
4.1 Ratio of debt to the value of exports = 300+%
4.2 2000 eligable HIPC but didnt meet conditions set by IMF
4.2.1 Increased Gov spending of food due to famine
4.3 Payed $440mil by 2006

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