Language Acquisition

Flamegirl
Mind Map by , created over 6 years ago

Mind Map on Language Acquisition, created by Flamegirl on 05/29/2013.

60
1
0
Tags No tags specified
Flamegirl
Created by Flamegirl over 6 years ago
Grammatical Development 2
megan langdon
Lexical & Semantic Development
megan langdon
Grammatical Development 1 - Syntax
megan langdon
French Revolution quiz
Sarah Egan
SFDC App Builder Quizlet (Dez version)
chris fernandez
Match the Theory to the Theorist - Language Acquisition
08aliell
Language Acquisition Theorists
08aliell
Child- directed speech (CDS)
megan langdon
Phonological Development
megan langdon
Pragmatic Development
megan langdon
Language Acquisition
1 Frameworks (AO1)

Annotations:

  • Select and apply a range of linguistic methods, to communicate relevent knowlege using appropriate terminology and coherent, accurate writeen expression.
1.1 Lexis/Semantics
1.1.1 Over-extension

Annotations:

  • Uses words in a broad sense
1.1.2 Under-extension

Annotations:

  • Uses words in a narrow sense
1.1.3 Nelson

Annotations:

  • Classified childres first 50 words as: Describing - 'Dirty', 'Nice', 'Pretty' Personal - 'Bye', 'Hi' Actions or Events - 'Down', 'More', 'Up' Naming things/people - 'Ball', 'Daddy', 'Juice'
1.2 Grammar/Syntax
1.2.1 Three Main Stages to Grammatical Development
1.2.2 Inflections

Annotations:

  • When '-ed' or '-es' is used when it is not needed - 'sheeps' instead of 'sheep' or 'goed' insead of 'goes'.
1.3 Pragmatics
1.3.1 Halliday's Functions of Language

Annotations:

  • Instrumental - To express needs Regulatory - to control others behaviour Interactional - To relate to others Heuristic - To gain knowlege Personal - To express yourself Imaginitively - To gain language imaginitively Informative - To convey facts and information
1.4 Phonology
1.4.1 Biological Noises

Annotations:

  • (0-18 weeks) crying, coughing, cooing.
1.4.2 Cooing and Laughing

Annotations:

  • (8-20 weeks) Short vowel noises
1.4.3 Vocal Play

Annotations:

  • (20-30 weeks) 'cooing' develops into definate controlled sounds.
1.4.4 Melodic Utterances

Annotations:

  • (36-72 weeks) - Intonation, rythm and melody develop.
1.4.5 Babbling

Annotations:

  • The experimentation of sounds.
1.4.6 Intonation

Annotations:

  • The rise and fall of voice when speaking.
1.4.7 Phonemes

Annotations:

  • Small segements of sound.
2 Linguistic Milestones (AO3)
2.1 O MONTHS OLD

Annotations:

  • Recognition of mothers voice Distinguishes phonemes (small sounds) Distinguishes own language over foreign languages.
2.2 4 MONTHS OLD

Annotations:

  • Child knows own name Child is sentitive to word order
2.3 7 MONTHS OLD

Annotations:

  • Early Babbling Understands first words, e.g - 'Mummy'.
2.4 12 MONTHS OLD

Annotations:

  • Jargoning - stress/intonation is used First words are produced
2.5 18 MONTHS OLD

Annotations:

  • Understands around 50 words Produces two-word utterances
2.6 24 MONTHS OLD

Annotations:

  • Multi-word utterances are used
2.7 60 MONTHS OLD

Annotations:

  • 6,000 word capacity Produces complex sentences
3 Theorists (AO2)
3.1 Lenneberg
3.1.1 Suggested there was a critical period for acquiring language
3.2 Bruner
3.2.1 Language is enriched through social interaction
3.3 Vygotsky
3.3.1 Stresses the influence on society/culture on language acquisition
3.4 Dore
3.4.1 Looking into what children do with their words, for example - repeating, questioning and answering
3.5 Chomsky
3.5.1 Suggested biological influences for acquiring language (LAD)
3.6 Skinner
3.6.1 Reinforcing behaviour plays a vital role in language development
3.7 Stages to Acquisition
3.7.1 Holophrastic, Two-word and Telegraphic
3.8 Aitchison
3.8.1 Labelling, Packaging and Network Building
3.9 Halliday
3.9.1 Instrumental, Personal, Regulatory and Interactional

Media attachments