Grammatical Development 1 - Syntax

megan langdon
Mind Map by megan langdon, updated more than 1 year ago
megan langdon
Created by megan langdon almost 6 years ago
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Child Language Acquisition mind map on the early development of language

Resource summary

Grammatical Development 1 - Syntax
  1. Syntax development
    1. Syntactical development
      1. Development of child's ability to create grammatical constructions by arranging words in an appropriate order
    2. One word stage
      1. 12 - 18 months
        1. Child speaks in single word utterances
          1. 'Milk', 'Mummy'
        2. Groups of words may be used as a single unit
          1. 'Allgone'
          2. In many sits words simple serve a naming function
            1. Holophrases
              1. Single words or phrases that convey more complex messages
            2. Holophrases
              1. 'Juice' = 'I want some juice' / 'I've spilt some juice'
                1. Context, gesture & intonation
                  1. Enable parent / carer to understand what child means
                2. Understanding
                  1. Although child's utterings limited understanding of syntax is (predictability) more advanced
                    1. Evidence
                      1. Children at 1 word stage can respond to instructions
                        1. 'Kiss mummy'
                    2. Two Word Stage
                      1. 18 months
                        1. 2 word utterances begin to appear
                        2. Usually grammatically correct sequence
                          1. Common construction
                            1. S + V ''Daddy sleep'
                              1. V + C 'Draw birdie'
                                1. S + O 'Suzy Juice'
                                  1. S + C 'Daddy busy'
                                    1. Complement
                                2. When repeating an adult, children commonly omit elements, but retain the correct order
                                  1. Look, Ben's playing in the garden = Play garden
                                  2. Utterances focus on key words
                                    1. Grammatical function words
                                      1. Commonly omitted (As they carry less info)
                                      2. Meanings - Two- word utterances
                                        1. Range complex meanings expressed
                                          1. Possession 'Mummy car'
                                            1. Action 'Paul eat'
                                              1. Location 'Teddy bed'
                                              2. Bloom 1973
                                                1. 'Mummy sock'
                                                2. Ambiguity
                                                  1. Scope for ambiguity at stage arises bcs of omission of inflectional affixes
                                                    1. Commonly possessive & plural 's' & past tense 'ed' absent
                                                    2. Telegraphic stage
                                                      1. Age 2
                                                        1. 3 & 4 Word utterances begin to be produced
                                                        2. Some will be grammatically complete
                                                          1. S + V + O
                                                            1. 'Lucy likes tea'
                                                            2. S + V + C
                                                              1. 'Teddy is tired'
                                                              2. S + V + A
                                                                1. 'Mummy sleeps upstairs'
                                                              3. Other utterances will have grammatical elements
                                                                1. 'Daddy home now'
                                                                  1. 'Where Josh going?'
                                                                  2. Like a telegram they include key words but omit elements such as
                                                                    1. Determiners
                                                                      1. Auxiliary verbs
                                                                        1. Prepositions
                                                                        2. Wider range of structures will be used
                                                                          1. Qs (Interrogatives)
                                                                            1. Commands (imperatives)
                                                                              1. Simple statements
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