Medieval Japan

Mind Map by sabine.seeto, updated more than 1 year ago
Created by sabine.seeto almost 6 years ago


9 History (Term 3) Mind Map on Medieval Japan, created by sabine.seeto on 09/02/2014.

Resource summary

Medieval Japan
1 Feudal System
1.1 Heirachy
1.1.1 Emperor Descendant of Ameterasu Power fluxuated Religious figurehead Inherited power
1.1.2 Warrior Class Shogun Military leader Controlled armies Powerful-10th Century Partially ruled Japan Noble family/ Nobility Included Daimyo Huge estates Were payed taxes Samurai Warriors Bushido Moral code Loyalty Intense training Only male
1.1.3 Farmers, Peasants Food production 90% population Payed heavy taxes Respected
1.1.4 Artisans Skilled craftspeople Work not essential Not as respected
1.1.5 Merchants Less respect Personal wealth Confucianism
1.1.6 Hinin and Ronin Outcasts Not part of society Different ethnic groups Jobs not 'good' Undertaker,executionists ect. "Unclean" jobs
1.2 Chinese, Korean influence
1.3 Toyotomi Hideyoshi
1.4 Inherited class society
1.5 Ieyasu Tokugawa
2 Early Japan
2.1 Heian Period
2.1.1 c.200BCE Settlers from Korea Yayoi Nomadic Tribes in North Rice agriculture Bronze and Iron
2.1.2 c.30BCE Yayoi expand north Chiefdoms developed
2.1.3 c.500CE Yamato established Jomon resisted Yamato
2.1.4 c.750CE Japanese culture develops Music and art Writing, religion and clothing
2.1.5 Yayoi Period 30BCE-300CE Agriculture (rice) Bronze and Iron Weaved cloth Influenced by Korea and China Farming -> divided classes
2.1.6 c.794-1185CE
2.1.7 Learning flourished
2.2 Jomon period
2.2.1 Hunter-gatherers
2.2.2 c.8000BCE-300BCE
2.2.3 Means chord marked
2.2.4 Mainly fished
2.2.5 Pottery
2.3 Over 30000 years
2.4 5 main periods
2.4.1 Nara Period
2.4.2 Tokugawa Shogunate
2.4.3 Kamakura Period
2.4.4 Heian Period
2.4.5 Muromachi Period
3 Religion and Belief
3.1 Shinto
3.1.1 Belief in Kami Sacred spirits Found in nature
3.1.2 Prominent in Mucomachi period
3.2 Buddhism
3.2.1 Zen Buddhism Popular with Samurai Duty over self-interest Developed samurai code Kamakura Period
3.2.2 Religion- China
3.2.3 Main Ideas Overcome suffering Eightfold path Reaching spiritual happiness
3.3 Confucianism
3.3.1 Belief- China
3.3.2 Influences Japanese culture Legal codes "Centre of the world"
3.3.3 Main principles Respect Elder Worship Loyalty
4 Shogunates
4.1 Tokugawa Shogunate
4.1.1 Japanese development
4.1.2 3 unifiers Tokugawa Ieyasu 1st shogun Crowned 1603CE Ended Instability First shogun- 30 years Enforces Laws Samurai carry weapons Re-introduces feudalism Restricts class movement Odo Nobunaga 1st unifier Unified much of Japan Toyotomi Hideyoshi Re-unified Japan
4.1.3 14-15 century
4.1.4 instable
4.1.5 Isolated Japan Japanese culture flourished
4.2 Shoguns
4.2.1 Leader of armies
4.2.2 Emperor- figurehead
4.3 Family of shoguns
4.4 Kamakura Shogunate
4.4.1 Mongol Invasions
4.5 Decline of Shogunates
4.5.1 1853CE
4.5.2 Commidor Mathew Perry Ended Isolation
4.5.3 Threatened to trade
5 Geography and Climate
5.1 Archipelago
5.1.1 Four main Islands Honshu Hokkaido Kyushu Shikoku
5.1.2 Thousands of minor islands
5.1.3 String of Islands
5.2 Asia
5.3 Pacific Ocean
5.4 Sea of Japan
5.5 Neighbouring Countries
5.5.1 China
5.5.2 Russia
5.5.3 Korea
5.5.4 Neighbouring overseas
5.6 Limited contact
5.7 Varied terrain
5.7.1 Temperate in south
5.7.2 Mountainous in North
5.7.3 Flat in South
5.7.4 Icy, frozen North
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