Medieval Japan

sabine.seeto
Mind Map by sabine.seeto, updated more than 1 year ago
sabine.seeto
Created by sabine.seeto almost 6 years ago
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9 History (Term 3) Mind Map on Medieval Japan, created by sabine.seeto on 09/02/2014.

Resource summary

Medieval Japan
1 Feudal System
1.1 Heirachy
1.1.1 Emperor
1.1.1.1 Descendant of Ameterasu
1.1.1.2 Power fluxuated
1.1.1.3 Religious figurehead
1.1.1.4 Inherited power
1.1.2 Warrior Class
1.1.2.1 Shogun
1.1.2.1.1 Military leader
1.1.2.1.2 Controlled armies
1.1.2.1.3 Powerful-10th Century
1.1.2.1.4 Partially ruled Japan
1.1.2.2 Noble family/ Nobility
1.1.2.2.1 Included Daimyo
1.1.2.2.2 Huge estates
1.1.2.2.3 Were payed taxes
1.1.2.3 Samurai
1.1.2.3.1 Warriors
1.1.2.3.2 Bushido
1.1.2.3.2.1 Moral code
1.1.2.3.2.2 Loyalty
1.1.2.3.3 Intense training
1.1.2.3.4 Only male
1.1.3 Farmers, Peasants
1.1.3.1 Food production
1.1.3.2 90% population
1.1.3.3 Payed heavy taxes
1.1.3.4 Respected
1.1.4 Artisans
1.1.4.1 Skilled craftspeople
1.1.4.2 Work not essential
1.1.4.3 Not as respected
1.1.5 Merchants
1.1.5.1 Less respect
1.1.5.1.1 Personal wealth
1.1.5.1.2 Confucianism
1.1.6 Hinin and Ronin
1.1.6.1 Outcasts
1.1.6.2 Not part of society
1.1.6.3 Different ethnic groups
1.1.6.4 Jobs not 'good'
1.1.6.4.1 Undertaker,executionists ect.
1.1.6.4.2 "Unclean" jobs
1.2 Chinese, Korean influence
1.3 Toyotomi Hideyoshi
1.4 Inherited class society
1.5 Ieyasu Tokugawa
2 Early Japan
2.1 Heian Period
2.1.1 c.200BCE
2.1.1.1 Settlers from Korea
2.1.1.1.1 Yayoi
2.1.1.2 Nomadic Tribes in North
2.1.1.3 Rice agriculture
2.1.1.4 Bronze and Iron
2.1.2 c.30BCE
2.1.2.1 Yayoi expand north
2.1.2.2 Chiefdoms developed
2.1.3 c.500CE
2.1.3.1 Yamato established
2.1.3.2 Jomon resisted Yamato
2.1.4 c.750CE
2.1.4.1 Japanese culture develops
2.1.4.1.1 Music and art
2.1.4.1.2 Writing, religion and clothing
2.1.5 Yayoi Period
2.1.5.1 30BCE-300CE
2.1.5.2 Agriculture (rice)
2.1.5.3 Bronze and Iron
2.1.5.4 Weaved cloth
2.1.5.5 Influenced by Korea and China
2.1.5.6 Farming -> divided classes
2.1.6 c.794-1185CE
2.1.7 Learning flourished
2.2 Jomon period
2.2.1 Hunter-gatherers
2.2.2 c.8000BCE-300BCE
2.2.3 Means chord marked
2.2.4 Mainly fished
2.2.5 Pottery
2.3 Over 30000 years
2.4 5 main periods
2.4.1 Nara Period
2.4.2 Tokugawa Shogunate
2.4.3 Kamakura Period
2.4.4 Heian Period
2.4.5 Muromachi Period
3 Religion and Belief
3.1 Shinto
3.1.1 Belief in Kami
3.1.1.1 Sacred spirits
3.1.1.2 Found in nature
3.1.2 Prominent in Mucomachi period
3.2 Buddhism
3.2.1 Zen Buddhism
3.2.1.1 Popular with Samurai
3.2.1.2 Duty over self-interest
3.2.1.3 Developed samurai code
3.2.1.4 Kamakura Period
3.2.2 Religion- China
3.2.3 Main Ideas
3.2.3.1 Overcome suffering
3.2.3.2 Eightfold path
3.2.3.3 Reaching spiritual happiness
3.3 Confucianism
3.3.1 Belief- China
3.3.2 Influences
3.3.2.1 Japanese culture
3.3.2.2 Legal codes
3.3.2.3 "Centre of the world"
3.3.3 Main principles
3.3.3.1 Respect
3.3.3.2 Elder Worship
3.3.3.3 Loyalty
4 Shogunates
4.1 Tokugawa Shogunate
4.1.1 Japanese development
4.1.2 3 unifiers
4.1.2.1 Tokugawa Ieyasu
4.1.2.1.1 1st shogun
4.1.2.1.2 Crowned 1603CE
4.1.2.1.3 Ended Instability
4.1.2.1.4 First shogun- 30 years
4.1.2.1.5 Enforces Laws
4.1.2.1.5.1 Samurai carry weapons
4.1.2.1.5.2 Re-introduces feudalism
4.1.2.1.5.3 Restricts class movement
4.1.2.2 Odo Nobunaga
4.1.2.2.1 1st unifier
4.1.2.2.2 Unified much of Japan
4.1.2.3 Toyotomi Hideyoshi
4.1.2.4 Re-unified Japan
4.1.3 14-15 century
4.1.4 instable
4.1.5 Isolated Japan
4.1.5.1 Japanese culture flourished
4.2 Shoguns
4.2.1 Leader of armies
4.2.2 Emperor- figurehead
4.3 Family of shoguns
4.4 Kamakura Shogunate
4.4.1 Mongol Invasions
4.5 Decline of Shogunates
4.5.1 1853CE
4.5.2 Commidor Mathew Perry
4.5.2.1 Ended Isolation
4.5.3 Threatened to trade
5 Geography and Climate
5.1 Archipelago
5.1.1 Four main Islands
5.1.1.1 Honshu
5.1.1.2 Hokkaido
5.1.1.3 Kyushu
5.1.1.4 Shikoku
5.1.2 Thousands of minor islands
5.1.3 String of Islands
5.2 Asia
5.3 Pacific Ocean
5.4 Sea of Japan
5.5 Neighbouring Countries
5.5.1 China
5.5.2 Russia
5.5.3 Korea
5.5.4 Neighbouring overseas
5.6 Limited contact
5.7 Varied terrain
5.7.1 Temperate in south
5.7.2 Mountainous in North
5.7.3 Flat in South
5.7.4 Icy, frozen North
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