Aviation Industy


The Aviation Industry
Mind Map by sseddon20, updated more than 1 year ago
Created by sseddon20 over 8 years ago

Resource summary

Aviation Industy
  1. Airports
    1. Major
      1. A major airport is an airport in which many short haul and long haul flights operate from. A major airport is generally located in the city's/capitals, this is because where most tourists travel to. An example of a major is a London Heathrow. Mainly scheduled flights operate from major airports. And also there tends to be a wider range of international flights from major airports.
      2. Regional
        1. An example of a regional airport is Manchester Airport. A regional airport is a slightly smaller airport to a major airport. However it does operate a lot of flights but not as many long haul flights to a major airport. Its mostly charter and low-cost flights that operate from there however there is some scheduled.
        2. Local
          1. A local airport is significantly smaller than Major and Regional airports. An example of local airport is Blackpool airport and only operates a small range of flights which are mostly domestic flights.
        3. Airlines
          1. Scheduled
            1. An scheduled airline is an airline that runs on a set timetable they also run to pacific destinations at pacific time. These airlines have different classes within there aircrafts such as; first class, business class and economy class. These operate from mostly major airports such as Heathrow and some regional airports such as Manchester. They operate both long haul and short haul flights.
            2. Low-cost scheduled
              1. A low-cost scheduled airline fly's on a set timetable. Most low cost scheduled have a one class cabin and also they have a lot fewer facilities than scheduled airlines. They operate from mostly regional airports.
              2. Charter
                1. A charter airline is an airline that operates flights outside normal schedules. An example of a charter airline is Thomas cook. . Charter airlines operate on aircraft types like: A320s, A321s, A330s, B767, B757.These airlines are also a one class cabin like low-cost airlines however; some of these airlines do have inflight entertainment and inflight meals.
                2. Cargo
                  1. Cargo flights fly out of mainly major airports (e.g. London Heathrow) and also they fly out of regional airports (e.g. Manchester Airports). Most cargo airlines operate bigger types of aircraft for example: B747, A330, B767, B757 and B777. 7.
                3. Ancilliaries
                  1. Aircraft Manufactures .
                    1. Aircraft manufactures are companies that create and make different types of aircraft. Most aircraft manufactures design and the then make their own aircraft in which then sell them off to different airlines that are interested in buying them. Two of the most well know/most popular aircraft manufactures are Boeing and Airbus
                    2. Engine Manufactures
                      1. Engine manufactures are the companies that design and make the engines for aircraft and then sell them onto the aircraft manufactures which they fit them onto their aircraft. Examples of engine manufactures are Rolls Royce and Pratt and Whitney.
                      2. Airline engineering and maintenance companies
                        1. Airline engineering and maintenance companies are the companies that have their own hangers at the airports so that they can do checks, maintenance on the aircraft. BA is an example of an airline engineering and maintenance.
                        2. In-flight catering companies
                          1. In-flight caterers are the companies that provide and make the good that goes on to the aircraft/airlines. The airlines make a set menu for set times throughout the year and then the in-flight caterers are the ones that make it and then provide it to the airline. In-flight caterers are responsible for all the meals that go onto the flights so therefore, they need to check and make sure the food is properly cooked and stored properly to prevent any food poising during the flight.
                          2. Fuel suppliers
                            1. Fuel suppliers are the the companies that supply the file to the airlines. Well know fuel suppliers for aircraft are Shell and Esso. They both have practically the same roles which are they have to make sure that they have the right amount of file for the right aircraft. And also they have to make sure that there is enough fuel for the flight that the aircraft is going to travel. Also, they have to make sure that they have the right type of fuel for the aircraft.
                            2. Handling agents
                              1. Handling agents are the companies that provide the way in which the baggage is loaded and off-loaded on and off the aircraft safely and securely as possible. Also, handling agents also will hel0p with the boarding gate to check passports and boarding cards.
                              2. Cleaning companies
                                1. Cleaning companies are the companies e.g. Serco that make sure the aircraft is properly cleaned within the aircraft after and before each flight. Some of their jobs are to; Hoover the carpets of the aircraft, make sure seat pockets are clean, mop the kitchen area (galley), refreshing and making sure the toilets are clean. They have to clean the aircraft thoroughly to prevent any diseases breaking out which may cause a pandemic.
                                2. Retail operations
                                  1. There are many shops and restraunts within the airport such as Burger King and WHSmith. It's good to have food restraunts and shops within the terminal as passengers can be there for hours and therefore they'd need placed to eat and also by having shops it's also another way for the airport to make money and prevent passengers from becoming bored
                                  2. Onward travel
                                    1. Onward travel at an airport at an airport such as car rental, taxi services and also public transport. It's important as it gives people a variety of different services to choose from to get to their preferred onward destination/accommodation after arriving at the airport.
                                    2. Car parking operators
                                      1. There are different types of car park operators such as long stay, short stay, on site and off site. Having a long stay car park at an airport allows people to be able to leave their cars whilst they go on holiday with a less risk of burglary and also an easy transport home for when they arrive back off holiday.
                                      2. Tour operators, travel agents
                                        1. Tour operators such as Thomson, Thomas Cook, co-operative allow you to book package holidays or even just flights or hotels. Tour operators are good because often they have deals of package holidays which people tend to go for as sometimes it works out cheaper than doing it separately.
                                        2. Freight forwarders
                                          1. Freight forwarders such as Stobart which exports and imports goods/ items which may have come from other parts of the world and they often get it to the customer as fast as possible. They are often very cost effective which is why many people import and export goods/items this way.
                                        3. Trade Associations
                                          1. IATA
                                            1. IATA also known as the international air transport association. The IATA are an association in which it has 240 airlines as members which is 84% of the world’s air traffic, the other 16% of air traffic that aren't with them are not at the suitable standard to be a member of the IATA. IATA promotes a secure, safe and reliable air service/travel to its 240 airline members.
                                            2. BATA
                                              1. British Air Transport Association (BATA) is an association that gets different airlines (group of similar airlines) together e.g. Thomson and Thomas cook (both British airlines) and they have a meeting/discussion about all the problems they are having and also compare prices of their sales etc…
                                              2. ACI
                                                1. ACI (Aviation Councils International) this trade association gets different airports together and they develop new standards, policies and recommend/provide new training opportunity-ties in-which make the airport better. The main aim of the aviation councils international is to ensure that the airport is a safe secure place for passengers. ACI is located/ based in Montreal, Canada and works alongside the ICAO (International Civil Aviation Organization).
                                                2. ERA
                                                  1. European Regions Airline association has an average of 200 companies within it which are companies such as engine manufactures, airlines and airports. it only involves only companies within Europe. Their role is to provide essential transport air-links and services to remote locations as well as services to Europe's hub airports. It also provides air-links to business and communities.
                                                  2. BBGA
                                                    1. They speak and tell people an out the view and the general policy of General Aviation. It also helps is member sectors apply for any licenses that are needed/required by the aviation industry. They get involved in any meetings/consolations with the government and they try to obtain their rights for the General Aviation industry
                                                  3. Regulatory bodies
                                                    1. HSE (Health and Safety Executive)
                                                      1. The Health and Safety Executive is an organisation set up by the government in which is in charge of all the health and safety regulations. The HSE also work with the CAA to ensure that the passengers have the safest experience when they are in the airport.
                                                      2. CAA (Civil Aviation Authority)
                                                        1. The Civil Aviation Authority are the organization set by the government to make sure that the airports and aircraft are at the standard they should be and that it is suitable for passengers. The CAA can come on the airline at any time they feel and also they can come onto the aircraft without notice and they can carry out an inspection on the cabin and flight deck and also how the cabin crew is working and if they are carrying out their jobs correctly.
                                                        2. ICAO (International Civil Aviation Authority)
                                                          1. International Civil Aviation Authority are an organization within the United Nations and this is the organization that sets the health and safety standards within the aviation industry. They make sure that these standards are suitable for members of the public (passengers) so that passengers have the safest experience during their flights.
                                                          2. FSA (Food Standards Agency)
                                                            1. The FSA are the Food Standards Agency and these are the people that make sure that the food is produced in a certain, hygienic way and that also that the food is at the temperature that it should be, they also make sure that all the food is stored in the correct way. So that there is no old poising passed onto the passengers on-board the aircraft.
                                                            2. NATS (National Air Traffic Services)
                                                              1. The NATS (National Air Traffic Services) work within air traffic control towers throughout the UK and they are one of the leading air traffic control organisations/providers within the whole of the UK. The NATS also control Shanwick Oceanic control which controls the traffic from right across the Atlantic.
                                                              2. EASA (European Aviation Safety Agency)
                                                                1. EASA (European Aviation Safety Agency) are an agency in which they monitor and also can imply some safety regulations/rules. They carry out inspections to ensure that the European aviation legislation is being followed. They also approve of aircraft maintenance and aircraft design organizations.
                                                                2. TRANSEC
                                                                  1. TRANSEC is a department set by the government and is the security for transport. TRANSEC aim to make transporting cargo, passengers and workers the safest as possible. They are responsible for security in both, on the ramp and in the terminal. They monitor certain parts of security (for bomb threats etc…) within the airport and on the ramp and if anything happens then they figure out new systems to put in place to mitigate these risks and hazards to ensure that passengers and workers are safe at all times.
                                                                  2. Port Health
                                                                    1. Port health are mostly based at places such as airport terminals and boat ports where there is a chance of certain diseases, infections getting into the country and potentially causing an epidemic. Port health sometimes inspect aircraft that fly to potential disease risk areas and they check to see if there are any diseases, that food is stored properly (hygienically) and that there are no pests such as mosquitos etc…
                                                                    2. Police
                                                                      1. Police within an airport can enforce laws and ensure that workers are sticking to them laws. They check that the workers etc… are sticking by these laws by carrying out inspections and investigating. The police are also there for quick response to emergencies that may occur within the airport. There would have to be police within an airport as there are a lot of passengers that pas through airports s therefore there is a bigger risk of emergencies and incident.
                                                                      2. Local Planning.
                                                                        1. Local planning within there airport are the organisation that are responsible for the expansion and changes within the structure of the airport. Local planning are the people that deal with getting permission to extend the airport so they would have to go to councils and get permission if they can as there could be residents that live near by and therefore by them expanding it could disrupt peoples lifestyles. They also discuss on how the airports going to expand and they in the process of this they try to improve the area for the public but at the same time try to improve it for the airport.
                                                                        2. Border Agency
                                                                          1. The border agency which has now changed its name to UK Visas and Immigration. These are the agency that are based at arrivals and departures within the airport terminal and these are the ones that check passports to make sure no-one illegal is allowed in this could potentially protect the safety of many people (both, passengers and workers).
                                                                        3. GA
                                                                          1. Aircraft Operators
                                                                            1. Cessna
                                                                              1. Cessna operate jet turbine engine aircraft for private jet uses and also they operate turbo prop aircraft for training purposes e.g. Cessna 172. They use these aircraft as these are at a good standard, cheaper to run and also more affordable for the passengers.
                                                                              2. Gulfstream
                                                                                1. Gulfstream operate mostly jets that are used for private services which passengers may hire for a specific occasions however this can be very expensive
                                                                                2. piper
                                                                                  1. piper aircraft are a turbo prop, small aircraft which is used often used as training aircraft as this an aircraft which is cheaper to run and therefore this makes it cheaper for the person learning to fly.
                                                                                3. Airport Operators
                                                                                  1. Airport operators ensure that the airport is in compliance wityh the CAA regulations and that all the licences re up to date. Also, all the equipment is approved by the DfT
                                                                                  2. General Management
                                                                                    1. ATC (NATS)
                                                                                      1. air traffic control are the management that are in charge and are in control of the aircraft movements. They communicate with the pilots to guide them of an things that they need to be aware of and also safely guide them to the gates they need to go to
                                                                                      2. Border Control
                                                                                        1. Boarder control are the management that check passports on arrival at the airport, these check and watch out for any people that may be a threat to the public.
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