Acids and Bases

Shane Buckley
Mind Map by Shane Buckley, updated more than 1 year ago
Shane Buckley
Created by Shane Buckley over 5 years ago
53
5

Description

Junior Certificate Chemistry Mind Map on Acids and Bases, created by Shane Buckley on 11/12/2014.

Resource summary

Acids and Bases
1 Acids pH <7

Annotations:

  • Turn blue Litmus paper red 
  • Examples Sulfuric Acid 1 Lemon Juice 3 Acid Rain 5
2 Bases pH >7

Annotations:

  • Turn red Litmus paper blue.
  • Examples Sodium Hydroxide 14 Oven Cleaner 11 Window Cleaner 10 Soap 9 Toothpaste 8
3 Indicators

Annotations:

  • Show by means of a colour change wheather a substance is an acid or a base
3.1 Litmus

Annotations:

  • Turns red for an acid blue for a base
3.2 Universal Indicator

Annotations:

  • Changes colour for each number on the pH scale
4 Salts

Annotations:

  • A salt is formed when the hydrogen in an acid is replaced by a metal ion
4.1 Sodium Chloride
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