Mumbai: Case study of Urbanisation

Hannah Burnett
Mind Map by Hannah Burnett, updated 11 months ago
Hannah Burnett
Created by Hannah Burnett about 5 years ago
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A Levels Geography (Mumbai) Mind Map on Mumbai: Case study of Urbanisation, created by Hannah Burnett on 12/28/2014.

Resource summary

Mumbai: Case study of Urbanisation
1 Location
1.1 Western Coast of India, Asia
1.2 Leading commercial city of India
1.3 Capital city of the Maharashtra state
2 Characteristics
2.1 Population of Mumbai 2010 - over 20million
2.2 2025 population estimated to be over 26million
2.3 2001 census: migrants accounted for 37% of the population growth in Mumbai
2.3.1 Estimated that Mumbai receives 1000 new migrants a day
2.3.1.1 With around 9/10 migrants coming from a rural background
2.4 Around 1million people per square mile
3 Causes
3.1 Employment rate of Dharavi was 85% in 2010
3.1.1 Found that around 30% of migrants were working in the same job for 15-24 yrs
3.1.2 Mumbai's universities produces well-educated, English-speaking graduates, employed by large western companies (BT)
3.2 Companies are attracted to Mumbai - low tax rates
3.3 Booming manufacturing industries
3.3.1 Half of Mumbai's factory workers work in the textiles industry - producing cotton for export
3.3.2 High demand for housing, factories and offices = increase in the construction industry
3.4 Mumbai has the world's largest film industry - Bollywood
4 Consequences
4.1 Low tax rate - city has low revenue from which to provide public services
4.1.1 Most low income earners cannot afford charges for these services = development of slums
4.2 India's wage rates are very low = many skilled graduates get employed by western companies
4.3 Mumbai's wealth draws people in - but most hopefuls arriving live in poverty = low quality of life for large % of population
4.4 Even those with living spaces have cramped, expensive housing far from their workplace
4.4.1 Leads to overcrowded buses and trains - over 3,500 people die on Mumbai's suburban railway each year
5 Redevelopment - Vision Mumbai
5.1 Quality of life had deteriorated in Mumbai; Slums have multiplied, as well as congestion, pollution and water problems
5.2 VM = plan to transform the city into a world-class location and to tackles problems causing the lower quality of life
5.2.1 Work on plan started in 2004, was completion targeted for 2013
5.3 If the economic growth was to continue at 8-10% a year, then the vision was to have over a million low-cost homes built, slum populations to fall to 10-12% of their 2000 and improvements in pollution, sanitation, education and health to be made
5.4 Part of VM means that Dharavi and other slums will have to go
5.4.1 The plan states for the land, worth $10billion, to be sold and developed
5.5 In return for every square foot of new housing built for the poor, they are allowed 30% more for commercial development
5.6 2007 = 200,000 people moved and 45,000 homes demolished in Mumbai's slums
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