Van Ijzendoorn and Kroonenberg (1988)

Rosy Harris
Mind Map by Rosy Harris, updated more than 1 year ago
Rosy Harris
Created by Rosy Harris about 5 years ago


Mind Map on Van Ijzendoorn and Kroonenberg (1988), created by Rosy Harris on 02/02/2015.

Resource summary

Van Ijzendoorn and Kroonenberg (1988)
1 Carried out a meta-analysis on studies of attachment in different countries
1.1 They used the Strange Situation Test
1.1.1 This may not be the best tool to use as it has a Western cultural bias and assumes behaviour will have the same significance in all cultures
2 Findings
2.1 Secure attachment is the most common type of attachment in eight countries
2.2 The common insecure attachment in western countries was avoidant
2.2.1 In non-western countries the common insecure attachment type was resistant
2.3 The lowest % of secure attachment was found in China
2.3.1 The highest % of secure attachment was found in Great Britain
3 Conclusions
3.1 There may be universal characteristics that underpin attachment
3.1.1 This may be the result of the mass media which spreads ideas about how to parent across the world
3.2 The variation in attachment within cultures was greater than the variation between cultures
3.2.1 This means it is difficult to make accurate cross cultural comparisons
4 Grossman and Grossman (1991)
4.1 High proportion of avoidant children in Germany, as German parents seek independent, non-clingy infants
5 Fox (1977)
5.1 Studied infants raised in an Israeli Kibbutz by a foster mother. Infants appeared strongly attached to parent despite spending little time with them.
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