Once a Pharaoh died, they were buried in tombs. The tombs were underground
chambers, often in pyramids or the Valley of the Kings. The tombs were fill with
treasures and gold to take with them to there 'after life.' Also, the walls were
decorated with Egyptian paintings, and had a ceiling of painted stars.
Howard Carter was a famous archaeologist and Egyptologistwho searched for Egyptian tombs in
the Valley of the Kings. In November 1922, he uncovered the secrets of Pharaoh Tutankhamen's
tomb. The man that he had been collecting money from to search, Lord Carnarvon, had an
argument with Howard three days before his find. He collected many artifaccts from the tomb.
He found the tomb in the Valley of the KIngs.
The pharaohs were the most worshiped in
Ancient Egypt, in charge of all people, objects
and things. They were worshiped by everyone
and had to be obeyed. The pharaohs were know
as a living god. They were known as 'King' in
Pharaohs were not elected, they were
passed down in family. The eldest son
would get the role after the father
died, even if they had an elder
daughter. The only time there was a
female Pharaoh was when the father
only had daughters.
Craftsmen had the job of invention and creating objects and tools. Without
craftsmen, people would struggle as they had nothing.
Merchants sold all things craftsmen invented. In
Egyptian times, Merchants were more important than
craftsmen, and was treated with more respect.
Slaves had no payment, and had Taskmasters to watch them. If a
taskmaster saw a slave not doing work, they would punish them. A
slaves job would to be doing Pharaoh's orders.
Farmers were paid a small amount of money, and treated rather poorly. They were
out in the fields every day working and collecting food. Although treated badly,
farmers were an important job for an Egyptian civilisation..
Scribes had the job of writing
down a diary, and recording
everyday. Sometimes they
even wrote stories of their
gods. Scribes were one of the
few people in Egypt that were
educated, and knew had to
read and write. They were
treated with respect.
Temples were built carefully, and each was was decorated with the
Egyptian gods. Inside, the Pharaoh and workers stood and were
worshiped by the people.
Gods and Goddesses
Ra, the god of the sun, was the first Pharaoh in
Anubis, the god of the underworld,
was the protector to the gates of
A group of gods were called a pantheon.
The Egyptians had a polytheistic religion.
Geb, god of Earth, had the head of a goose. The Egyptians believed that
earthquakes were Geb's laughter.
Temples were know as the home of gods and goddesses
Each temple was dedicated to a god or goddess.
Temples were built of stone.
Tombs were often built in a chamber
at the bottom of a pyramid.
Over 130 pyramids have been found in Egypt
Egyptian pyramids often had multiple passage ways and
chambers so it would be hard to find the Pharaoh buried.
Nearly all pyramids were located in
the West bank of the Nile
Many pyramids were robbed
Houses had flat roofs
Why build around the Nile?
The Egyptians built around the nile to
get food. The inundation (flood) of the
River Nile every year made the land
fertile for growing crops and plants.
The Egyptians needed the Nile not just to grow food, but to catch
food. They would sail around on the water in search for fish. The
Pharaoh had his/her own boat, called the Royal Barge.
The Egyptians needed the Nile for transport.
They could build simple rafts to get transported
up the river, so they didnt have to walk to jobs,
temples and building sites on foot.
The Egyptians needed water to drink, and to wash and
clean there belongings. With no water, they would
have to travel a long way to survive.
They had animals around the farm land. They had sheep, goats, fish and bees, which all helped
them to live. Also, they would often find hippos in the bogs, which the Pharaoh liked to catch.
Donkeys were used in the fields.
Farmers used irrigation networks to carry water
to the fields.
The Egyptians used papyrus instead of paper, each plant presses against each
other horizontally and vertically until a whole scroll was made for the scribes.
They grew onions, leeks, cabbages, leeks, papyrus,
Grain was the most important crop, used for
bread, porridge and beer
Fruit trees and vines marked paths.
The shaduf was invented to help collect water from the Nile. It was a
wooden frame, with a bucket and weight. The bucket would be lowered
into the river with help of a farmer, and lifted up from a heavy weight on
the other end.
The Egyptians invented locks and keys.
The Egyptians invented carts to help carry
resources to building sites.
To help them in the
fields, the Egyptians
Egyptian art was very detailed, and was coloured. They had art of their gods,
people and tombs.
They drew their people with their heads and feet profile, and their body facing forwards. You would never
see Egyptian art with heads facing directly forwards.