Nature of Democracy

Daniel Easterbrook
Mind Map by Daniel Easterbrook, updated more than 1 year ago
Daniel Easterbrook
Created by Daniel Easterbrook almost 5 years ago
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This resources targets the first section of Unit 1 Politics AS for Edexcel
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Nature of Democracy
1 Democratic Legitimacy:: The right to govern/exercise control
1.1 May be due to wide recognition of goverance
1.2 Conveyed through elections
1.3 May also refer to the degree by which power can be justified
1.3.1 House of Lords
2 Three levels of power
2.1 Coercion - Physical Force
2.2 Political Power - use of legal authority and persuasion
2.3 Influence - The ability to affect thought of of others
2.3.1 Not Physical
3 Authority - Right to exercise control
3.1 Sources of Authority
3.1.1 Tradition
3.1.2 Election
3.1.3 Charisma
4 Consent
4.1 free elections
4.1.1 good turnout
4.2 lack of dissent
4.3 Referendum
5 Citizenship
5.1 Grants a person explicit rights
5.1.1 Vote
5.1.2 fair trial
5.1.3 Justice
5.1.4 Stand Office
5.2 Enjoyment of civil liberty
5.3 Big Society
5.3.1 Politically active
5.3.2 Charity
6 Democracy
6.1 A system of governance whereby the people are able to influence politics
6.2 Accountable
6.3 Strands of democracy
6.3.1 Direct
6.3.1.1 People themselves make decisions
6.3.1.1.1 Referendums & Plebicites
6.3.1.1.1.1 2011 - AV
6.3.1.1.1.2 2014 - Scottish Independence
6.3.1.2 People may use initative to create political change
6.3.2 Representative
6.3.2.1 Political decisions made by elected representatives
6.3.2.1.1 Decision-making is delegated to these representatives
6.3.2.2 Different Political Parties represent different views and ideologies
6.3.2.3 Pressure Groups
6.3.2.4 UK Representation
6.3.2.4.1 MPs
6.3.2.4.1.1 Stand in constituencies
6.3.2.4.1.2 Represent party - Not necessarily individual constituents
6.3.2.4.2 House of Commons
6.3.2.4.2.1 Represents UK
6.3.2.4.2.1.1 Parliamentary democracy
6.3.2.4.2.1.1.1 Parliament is the source of political power
6.3.2.4.2.1.1.2 Liberal democracy
6.3.2.4.2.2 Should it be more representative?
6.3.2.4.2.2.1 Micro-cosm
6.3.2.4.3 House of Lords
6.3.2.4.3.1 Non-elected
6.3.2.4.3.2 Represents particular causes
6.3.3 Pluralist
6.3.3.1 Multiple parties and associations c0-exist
6.3.3.2 Political beliefs are tolerated
6.3.3.3 Power is dispersed
6.3.4 Liberal
6.3.4.1 Constitutional Limitations
6.3.4.2 Checks & Balances
6.3.4.3 Liberty respected
6.4 Features of a modern democracy
6.4.1 Peaceful power transfer
6.4.2 Free, fair & regular elections
6.4.3 People have access to independent information
6.4.4 High degree of freedom
6.4.5 Ideologies & Beliefs are tolerated
6.4.6 Rule of Law applied to all
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