2.1 Catching a person as they committed the crime.
2.2 Local people decided if a neighbour was the kind of
person likely to have committed the crime based on past
2.2.1 This is not the best way to decided if someone is guilty
because their past behaviour will always be a major
fact especially if you are trying to change.
3.1 All freedom(except for the clergy and knights) were made to join a tithing of ten men, who were
responsible for the behaviour of each other. If one of them was accused of a crime the other members of
the of the tithing had a job of bringing that person to justice or paying a fine to the victim of the crime
3.2 If a crime was committed they had to hunt for the criminal. This
hunt was called the 'HUE AND CRY'
4 Medieval detectives
4.1 Medieval crime detection was almost impossible without modern science and usually
only worked if a crime was caught in the act, or was accused by someone who had
witnessed the crime
5 Medieval Evidence
5.1 Witness of neighbours
5.1.1 The accused person found enough people who would
be willing to swear on oath concerning their past good
5.2 Trial by jury
5.2.1 This was the usual method by 1450. A group of local people looked at any
evidence, listened to witnesses, discussed the character of the person
5.3 Strengths and weaknesses
126.96.36.199 Likely to be the person who
committed the crime.
188.8.131.52 Based on personality
184.108.40.206 With the weakness of
neighbours, people could lie
220.127.116.11 Unreliable evidence
18.104.22.168 They could be judged on old behaviour.
22.214.171.124 Witnesses could put personal or
emotional input against them
126.96.36.199 Prejudice people
188.8.131.52 Not focusing on crime but past behaviour
6 By 1400 local land owners were appointed as justice of the peace
6.1.1 Begging increased
184.108.40.206 This was due to the problems with the country's economy
220.127.116.11 England had high unemployment, people begging and
looking for work
18.104.22.168.1 This led to increased crime rate
7.1 Medieval crime rates were affected
by a range of causes.
7.2 Medieval crime prevention relied on
7.3 Without police forces and scientific methods,
medieval crime detection was very difficult
8 Medieval ideas about crime
8.1 Many medieval crimes were punishable by the death penalty of hanging(capital punishment)
9.1 Medieval society had a defined class system
9.2 Those with the most money and property wanted
to protect themselves from those who had less.
10 Going on trial
10.1 Folk Moot-Medieval open air court
10.1.1 Oath helpers-The victim then told their version of events to a jury made up of
local men who knew the victim and accused
10.1.1.1 Value of an oath - helper
10.1.1.1.1 The judge decided whether or not they were guilty, the more richer you are the
more they believed that you were innocent
10.1.2 Trials, called folk mook
10.2 Trial by cold water
10.2.1 The accused person was tied up and thrown into a deep pond. People in the
water would have been regarded as 'holy' water because a priest would have
10.2.2 If the suspect floated, the holy water didn't want him. Nor did god, so
he must have been a bad person. He must have been guilty and
would need to be punished.
10.2.3 If the suspect sank and drowned, god must have wanted him in
heaven. He must have been a good man therefore innocent.
10.2.4 Either way the suspect would have died.
10.3 Trial by hot iron
10.3.1 The accused was made to walk three paces with a red hot iron on
his hand. His hand was then bandaged and sealed by a priest
10.3.2 Three days later, it was uncovered. If the wound had begun to heal, the
person was declared innocent because god must have thought the prisoner
was innocent but if the wound was infected then they believed that god
must have thought he was not worthy of helping.
10.4 Trial by hot water
10.4.1 The prisoner had to plunge their hand into a pot of boiling water to pick up a stone or ring from the bottom.
10.5 Trial by bread
10.5.1 This was usually taken by priests accused of a crime.
10.5.2 They had to pray to god not to choke them if they ate bread. Then they ate some bread that had been
blessed by another priest. If they chocked, they were guilty because god would not let a dishonest priest
eat holy bread.
10.6 The Ordeal
10.6.1 All ordeals, except trial by cold
water, took place inside a church.
10.6.2 All the prisoners had to attended a church service on the day of their trial and weren't allowed to eat
for three days before hand.