Feminism

Becky Walker
Mind Map by Becky Walker, updated more than 1 year ago
Becky Walker
Created by Becky Walker almost 5 years ago
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A level Sociology Mind Map on Feminism, created by Becky Walker on 03/31/2015.

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Feminism
1 Housework
1.1 Argue that men and women remain unequal within the family and women still do most of the housework. They see this inequality as stemming from the fact that family and society are male-dominated/patriarchal.
1.2 Ann Oakley- criticises Young and Willmott's view that the family is now symmetrical. She argues that their claims are exaggerated. In her own research on housewives, she found some evidence of husbands helping in the home but no evidence of a trend towards symmetry. Only 15% of husbands had a high level of participation towards house work and only 25% towards childcare.
1.3 Mary Boulton- found that fewer than 20% of husbands had a major role in childcare.
1.4 Alan Warde and Kevin Hetherington- research shows that sex-typing of domestic tasks remains strong. For example, wives were 30 times more likely to have been the last person to have done the washing, whereas men were 4 times more likely to have been the last person to have washed the car. In general, Warde and Hetherington found that men would only carry out routine 'female' tasks if their partner wasn't around to do them. Nevertheless, they did find evidence of a slight change of attitude among younger men. They no longer assumed that women should do the housework, and were more likely to think they weren't doing their fair share.
1.5 Future Foundation- research on 1,000 adults found that 60% of men claimed to do more housework than their fathers and 75% of women claied to do less that their mothers.
1.6 Office of National Statistics- on average women spend two hours a day on housework, cooking, cleaning, washing up and ironing, compared with men's one hour a day.
2 Paid Work
2.1 Today, three-quarters of married or cohabiting women in the UK are economically active, as against fewer than half in 1971.
2.2 Sociologists are debating on whether this new trend is leading to a more equal division of domestic tasks, with the 'new man' doing his fair share, or whether it means that women now have to carry a 'dual burden' of paid work as well as domestic work.
2.3 Man-Yee Kan: found income from employment, age and education affected how much housework a woman did: better paid, younger, better educated women did less housework. E.g. every £10,000 increase in a women's annual income reduces her weekly housework time by two hours.
2.4 Gershuny- found that wives who worked full-time did less domestic work. Wives who did not go to work did 83% of the housework and even wives who worked part-time still did 82%. Wives who worked full-time did 73% of the housework. The longer the wife had been in paid work, the more housework her husband was likely to do. Couples whose parents had a more equal relationship were likely to share housework more equally themselves.
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