Tourism

a.agi2424
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a.agi2424
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Case Studies on the topic of tourism in Geography unit 1- physical paper, tourism
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Tourism
1 National Park
1.1 Making tourism more sustainable
1.1.1 Footpath erosion- signs and paths put in place to encourage the use of designated paths
1.1.2 Litter- encourage use of bins from posters/signs and employ someone to pick litter
1.1.3 Traffic- improving public transport to encourage the use of it and reduce the pressure of cars
1.2 Impacts of tourism
1.2.1 Positives
1.2.1.1 Employment for locals
1.2.1.2 Natural features that attract tourists can be protected using the income from tourism (e.g. rare wildlife)
1.2.1.3 Income from tourism helps develop new local infrastructure
1.2.1.4 Promotes cultural awareness and helps preserve local environment
1.2.2 Negatives
1.2.2.1 Tourists often drop litter, pollution, and can injure wildlife
1.2.2.2 Large amounts of traffic causing pollution, congestion and erosion
1.2.2.3 Some tourists trek across fields and do not stay on the paths provided
1.2.2.4 Low skilled job, poorly paid and unsatisfactory work conditions
1.3 PEAK DISTRICT, located in Derbyshire
2 Coastal Resort
2.1 BLACKPOOL, located in the North West England
2.2 Why did Blackpool go into decline?
2.2.1 Travelling abroad grew in popularity in the 1960
2.2.2 The expansion of package holidays and cheaper flights
2.2.3 People became wealthier and had a higher disposable income
2.2.4 Became a rundown town with old infrastructure and attractions
2.3 What has been done to encourage tourists back to Blackpool?
2.3.1 Updated the illuminations
2.3.2 Redesigned the town center and build a new promenade
2.3.3 Beaches have been cleaned up and improved
2.3.4 Efforts have been made since 2001 to smarten up the area
3 Mass tourism
3.1 KENYA, located in east Africa
3.2 Offers tourists
3.2.1 Tropical climate- hot and humid at the coast, all year round
3.2.2 Cultural experience- visit local tribes such as the Maasai, cultural understanding
3.2.3 Coastal holidays- south east of Kenya has fine sands and coral reefs with spectacular marine life
3.2.4 Safari holidays- seeing wild animals in their habitats (e.g. lions, elephants...)
3.3 Impacts of tourism
3.3.1 Positives
3.3.1.1 Income from tourism helps develop new local infrastructure
3.3.1.2 Increasing in cultural understanding of different cultures
3.3.1.3 Jobs all-year-round for locals and local business benefiting
3.3.1.4 Tourism is Kenya's biggest earner of foreign exchange
3.3.2 Negatives
3.3.2.1 Leakage in income- much of the money goes to travel/hotel companies ans not into Kenya
3.3.2.2 Safari buses disturb animals, cause soil erosion and pollution
3.3.2.3 Tourists consume large amounts of resources- unsustainable
3.3.2.4 Hot air balloons in parks disturb animals- shadows and noise
4 Extreme tourism
4.1 ANTARCTICA, located in the South Pole
4.2 Offers tourists
4.2.1 Over flights- photo opportunities and educational talks
4.2.2 Cruises- visit ice free coastal areas and sub arctic islands
4.2.3 Extreme adventures (e.g. diving, parachuting, skiing, motor biking...)
4.2.4 Wildlife viewing (e.g. the penguin rookery at Cape Royds)
4.3 Impacts of tourism
4.3.1 Mosses and lichens grow very slowly and are very sensitive to people walking on them.
4.3.2 Arctic terns are unsettled by human presence.
4.3.3 Oil spills are becoming an increasing hazard for wildlife.
4.3.4 Animals are not used to humans and leave their habitats, many time leaving eggs and young
4.4 Making tourism more sustainable
4.4.1 Tourism is not allowed in Sites of Special Scientific Interest (SSSIs) to conserve the wildlife and landscapes
4.4.2 Most tour operators are members of the International Association of Antarctica Tout Operators (IAATO), which sets guidelines for safe and environmentally friendly tourism
4.4.3 Tourists are briefed on the requirements of the Antarctic Treaty, and given strict instructions on health and safety
4.4.4 No ship carrying over 500 passengers can land in Antarctica, only 100 passengers on land at one time
5 Eco-tourism
5.1 KENYA, located in east Africa
5.2 Benefits of eco-tourism
5.2.1 Locals
5.2.1.1 People have better and more stable incomes
5.2.1.2 Eco-tourism schemes fund community projects (e.g. new schools, water tanks...)
5.2.2 Environment
5.2.2.1 Reduced poaching and hunting of endangered species
5.2.2.2 Projects try to reduce the use of fossil fuels (e.g. using renewable energy sources)
5.2.2.3 Waste that tourists create is disposed of carefully to prevent pollution
5.2.3 Tourists
5.2.3.1 Teaches tourists cultural understanding
5.2.3.2 encourage tourists to help protect and preserve the animals and environment
5.3 Why encourage eco-tourism?
5.3.1 To minimise the impact of tourism activities on natural attractions
5.3.2 To respect local people, their customs and culture
5.3.3 To provide direct benefits and empowerment for local people
5.3.4 To support sustainable development of local economies through direct involvement
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